Porites lutea   Milne Edwards and Haime,  1860 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Poritidae

Image copyrights: Jim Maragos

Description
Color: Usually cream or yellow but may be bright colours in shallow water.

Colonies are hemispherical or helmet-shaped and may be very large. The surface is usually smooth. Colonies reach several metres across when fully grown. Colonies in moderately or strongly sedimented conditions tend to develop thick, upward growing columns. The septal triplet fuse to form a trident, and calices are smaller and walls usually thick. Also, calices have five or six large pali. These colonies tend to be columnar in shape, a condition which seems to be initiated by sedimentation into depressions of the surface of the coral and death of the covered sections.

Gonochoric, sexual, broadcast spawning.


Synonym (s)
Porites lutea Edwards and Haime, 1860
Porites lutea Pillai and Scheer, 1976
Porites lutea Veron & Pichon, 1982
Porites arenosa (Esper)

Common Name (s)
• Hump Coral (English)
• Mound Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium trade)
Threats:  Natural threats
(Susceptibility to coral diseases)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton
Predator:  Butterflyfish (Chaetodon trifascialis)
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Red Sea
• Tamil Nadu, Koswari Island (Lat: 8.86) (Long: 78.21) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vaan Island (Lat: 8.83) (Long: 78.21) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kariyachalli Island (Lat: 8.95) (Long: 78.23) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan INDIA (Record: 1998-1999)
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.08) (Long: 73.05) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Gujarat, Gopnath INDIA
• Gujarat, Mahuva INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Kerala, Enayam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 14) (Long: 94) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 8.53) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy (Lat: 8.28) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Manauli Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Atoll INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Pongibalu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, New Islet Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2013-05-31

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