Sardinella longiceps   Valenciennes,  1847 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Clupeidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: 23.0 cm SL.

Max. published weight: 200 gm.

Color: Blue-green on the back while flanks are silvery. A dark spot is present on the hind margin of the gill cover.

Body elongate, cylindrical; belly rounded, with scutes but without prominent keel, usually 18 or 19 pre-pelvic, 14 or 15 post-pelvic. Head very long, 29 to 35% of standard length. Pseudobranch long, with distinct ventral ridge; gillrakers fine and numerous, 150 to 250 on lower arm of first arch. Dorsal fin with 13 to 15 branched rays, its origin nearer to snout tip than to caudal fin base. Anal fin with 12 to 15 branched rays, its origin well behind dorsal fin. Pelvic fin with 9 rays, placed below middle of dorsal fin base. Body covered by thin, rather adherent, cycloid scales; predorsal median ridge covered by adjacent sides of longitudinal rows of scales.

Distinguished from all clupeids in the northern Indian Ocean by its pelvic fin ray count of i 8, from Sardinella neglecta and Sardinella lemuru by its longer head and more lower gill rakers.

Dioecism, external fertilization, one clear seasonal peak per year, nonguarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.

Max. age: 3 years.


Synonym (s)
Alausa scombrina (Valenciennes, 1847)
Sardinella longiceps Valenciennes, 1847
Clupea scombrina Gunther, 1868
Clupea longiceps Gunther, 1868
Alausa scombrina Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Clupea longiceps (Valenciennes, 1847)
(Senior synonym)
Sardinella neohowii Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior homonym)
Clupea longiceps Day, 1878

Common Name (s)
• Indian Oil Sardine (English)
• Malabar Sardine (English)
• Mathi (Malayalam)
• Nalla Mathi (Malayalam)
• Bhutai (Kannada)
• Tarli (Marathi)
• Nonalai (Tamil)
• Noone Kovalu (Telugu)
• Tarli (Hindi)
• Indian Oil Sardinella (English)
• Oil Sardine (English)
• Tarali (Gujarati)
• Baige (Kannada)
• Boothai (Kannada)
• Tarli Multhi (Kannada)
• Nallamathi (Malayalam)
• Haid (Marathi)
• Haird (Marathi)
• Kanat (Marathi)
• Tarali (Marathi)
• Charlay (Tamil)
• Paichalai (Tamil)
• Paycharlay (Tamil)
• Noona Kavallu (Telugu)
• Nina Kabala
• Pei chalai
• Tarle
• White Sardine (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted. Also it serves as a source of valuable bye-products like sardine oil used in several industries, fish meal for cattle and poultry feed, and guano (residue left over after extraction of oil) as manure in coconut, coffee and tea plantations.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Phytoplankton, diatoms, dinoflagellates, benthic crustaceans, other planktonic invertebtrates, worms, planktonic crustaceans, amphipods, isopods, ostracods, fish eggs/larvae, blue-green algae, mysids, planktonic copepods, polychaetes
Predator:  Scomberomorus spp., Saurida tumbil, Sterna spp., the sea gull (Larvus brunicephalus), Delphinus delphis, sharks

Biogeography


• South Coast INDIA
• South Coast SRI LANKA
• Persian Gulf
• Maharashtra, Bassein INDIA
• Maharashtra, Uran Khadi INDIA
• INDIA
• Kerala, Ashtamudi Estuary (Lat: 9.46) (Long: 77.28) INDIA (Record: 12/2000, 04/2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Kerala, Kollam INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kudankulam INDIA
• Kerala, Malabar Coast INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Maharashtra, Kila Bander INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Kerala, Cannanore INDIA
• Kerala, Calicut INDIA
• Off South West Coast INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1968) (Depth: 10-75 mts)
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Coast INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Goa INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-03-13

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