Pampus argenteus   (Euphrasen,  1788) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Stromateidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: 20-60 cm.

Color: Is gray above grading to silvery white towards the belly, with small black dots all over the body. Fins are faintly yellow, vertical fins with dark edges.

Body is firm, very deep, oval, and compressed. Operculum absent, gill opening reduced to a vertical slit on the side of the body, gill membrane broadly united to isthmus. Height 1.3-1.5, 1.8-2.1 in length with caudal. Head 3.5-3.7, 4.8-5 in length with caudal. Eye with a feebly developed adipose eyelid, 2.9-3.8, 1.1-1.6 in very convex inter orbital space. The snout is about two thirds of eye in young ones, almost equal to eye in adults. Mouth small, oblique, slightly inferior in adult, more so in young ones. Maxillary reaching to below front border of pupil in young, to below front border of eye in adults. A narrow row of villi form teeth in the jaws. The rays of the last seven teeth of the dorsal are low, being slightly less than eye, the rays of the anterior three tenths of the fin from a long falcate lobe, the median rays of this part longest and about equal to distance between tip of snout and base of pectoral. In young the transition from the lobe to the posterior part of the fin is less abrupt and the upper border of the fin therefore somewhat less concave. Origin of anal behind that of dorsal, similar in shape to that fin, but the lobes generally longer. Pectorals very long and pointed, slightly less than distance between symphysis of lower jaw and anus. In young ones these fins are comparatively shorter. Caudal very deeply forked, the lobes long and pointed. Dorsal and anal fins preceded by a series of 5 to 10 blade-like spines with anterior and posterior points. Pelvic fins are absent. Caudal fin is deeply forked, the lower lobe longer than the upper. Dorsal spines (total): 0, Dorsal soft rays (total): 3743, Vertebrae: 34-37.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Ishikawa nozawae Ishikawa, 1904
Pampus argenteus (Euphrasen, 1788)
(Senior synonym)
Stromateoides argenteus (Euphrasen, 1788)
(Senior synonym)
Stromateus argenteus Euphrasen, 1788
(Senior synonym)
Stromatioides nozawae Ishikawa, 1904
(Junior synonym)
Stromateus cinereus Bloch, 1793
Stromateus candidus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1833
Stromateus punctatissimus Schlegel, 1850
Stromateus argenteus Cantor, 1850
Stromateoides cinereus Bleeker, 1851
Stromateoides aculeatus Bleeker, 1853
Stromateus cinereus Kner, 1867
Stromateus cinereus Day, 1876
Stromateoides cinereus Tate Regan, 1902
Stromateus argenteus Volz, 1903
Pampus cinereus Fowler, 1905
Stromateoides cinereus Jordan and Starks, 1906
Stromateoides argenteus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Stromateus cinereus Vinciguerra, 1926
Pampus lighti Evermann and Shaw, 1927
Pampus cinereus Fowler, 1929
Stromateus cinereus Wu, 1929
Stromateoides cinereus Machan, 1930
Stromateoides argenteus Fowler, 1931
Pampus cinereus Fowler, 1934
Pampus lighti Herre, 1935
Pampus argenteus Fowler, 1938
Stromateus cinereus Blegvad, 1944
Pampus argentus (Euphrasen, 1788)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Chandi (Bengali)
• Fali chanda (Bengali)
• Pomfret (Bengali)
• Rup Chada (Bengali)
• Chandava (English)
• Paplet (Gujarati)
• Vichuda (Gujarati)
• Manji (Kannada)
• Thondrette (Kannada)
• Thondrotte (Kannada)
• Surangat (Konkani)
• Avoli (Malayalam)
• Karuvolli (Malayalam)
• Vellavoli (Malayalam)
• Velutha Avoli (Malayalam)
• Saranga (Marathi)
• Karuvaval (Tamil)
• Vavaal (Tamil)
• Vavval (Tamil)
• Vella Vavvel (Tamil)
• Vellaivaval (Tamil)
• Chanduva (Telugu)
• Nallachanduva (Telugu)
• Thellachanduva (Telugu)
• Silver Pomfret (English)
• Vella Vaval
• White pomfret (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Ecology
Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans, ctenophores, salps, medusae and other zooplankton

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Goa INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• INDIA
• Maharashtra, Vashishti Estuary INDIA (Record: 11/1989, 04/1990)
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 33-51 mts)
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Off Kandla INDIA (Record: 1986-1987)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• Maharashtra, Satpati INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Coast INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-01-17

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