Culcita schmideliana   (Retzius,  1805) (Starfish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Asteroidea
Order:Valvatida
Family:Oreasteridae

Image copyrights: Teresa Zubi

Description
Size: Distance from the centre of the mouth to the tip of the arm (R) = 25-120 mm.

Color: Dark grey background with small irregular pink patches mostly adjacent to black tubercles, madreporite some shade of orange being the same color as the intertubercular areas at the arm tips.

Adult form pentagonal, arms not discernible. Abactinal plates forming a reticulum enclosing pore areas. Pore areas separated by the secondary plates of the abactinal reticulum. Abactinal spines short and tubercle-like. No abactinal spines in the pore areas. Actinal surface flat, covered by flat granules. Supero- and inferomarginal plates not distinct.


Synonym (s)
Asterias schmideliana Retzius, 1805
Asterias schmideliana Retzius, 1806
Culcita schmideliana Clark and Rowe, 1971
Asterias discoidea Lamarck, 1816
Culcita schmideliana var. africana Doderlein, 1896
Goniodiscus studeri deLoriol, 1885

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Coastal

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 05/04/1984, 06/04/1984)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 20/12/1979)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 05/01/1980, 29/03/1984)
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1963-1970)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rangat Bay INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA (Depth: 0-15 mts)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Species belonging to porifera in Indian Ocean
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sastry, DRK (1991) Echinodermata: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 363-397 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Starfish Available at - http://www.starfish.ch/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed National Marine Park in the Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 1 403-406 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2360/1/Article_64.pdf
  • James, DB (1983) Research on Indian echinoderms-A review Journal of Marine Biological association of India The Marine Biological Association of India. 25(1&2) 91-108 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1294/1/James_91-108.pdf
  • James, DB. (1983) Sea cucumber and sea urchin resources and Beche-de-mer industry Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 85-93 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-21

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