Priacanthus hamrur   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Priacanthidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: 30-45 cm.

Color: Red in color with 15 small dark spots along lateral line, median and pelvic fins dusky red, black spot at base of first 3 pelvic rays.

Oblong, dorsal and ventral profile evenly convex. Height 2.5-2.7, 3-3.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.7-3, 3.4-3.7 in length with caudal. Eye 2.2-2.7. Snout (without lower jaw) 3.3-4 in head. Interorbital space one half or two thirds of eye.Mouth very oblique. Lower jaw prominent. Maxillary reaching to below anterior half of eye, its width at posterior extremity about one half of eye. Conical teeth in narrow bands in jaws, on vomer and palatines. Tongue smooth. Lower and upper border of praeorbital and posterior and anterior border of praeoperculum finely serrated. A short blunt spine at praeopercular angle less than half of pupil, somewhat more developed in young specimens. First dorsal spine about half length of second, the following gradually increasing in length to the tenth, which is about equal to eye. Longest soft rays of dorsal about half diameter of eye longer than tenth dorsal spine. The origin of dorsal in the vertical through base of pectorals, that of anal below 7th or 8th dorsal spine. Third anal spine somewhat longer than second and not much less than diameter of eye. Dorsal and anal spines feebly spinulose in the young. mere striate in the adult, soft rays very feebly spinulose. Pectorals less than eye and snout, ventrals as long as head without lower jaw, their spine almost as long as eye and snout (without lower jaw). Caudal feebly crescentic. Least height of caudal peduncle almost twice in its length, equal to postorbital part of head. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 13-16.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Anthias macrophthalmus Bloch, 1792
(Junior synonym)
Boops asper Gronow, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Priacanthus dubius Temminck & Schlegel, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Priacanthus fax Valenciennes, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Priacanthus longipinnis Borodin, 1932
(Junior synonym)
Priacanthus schlegelii Hilgendorf, 1879
(Junior synonym)
Priacanthus speculum Valenciennes, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Sciaena hamrur Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Anthias hamur Bloch Schneider, 1801
Lutjanus hamrur Lacepede, 1802
Priacanthus hamruhr Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Priacanthus speculum Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Priacanthus hamrur Ruppell, 1840
Priacanthus japonicus Bleeker, 1851
Priacanthus blochii Bleeker, 1853
Priacanthus blochii Gunther, 1859
Priacanthus speculum Playfair, 1867
Priacanthus hamrur Klunzinger, 1870
Priacanthus hamrur Bleeker, 1873
Priacanthus blochii Day, 1888
Priacanthus hamrur Steindachner and Doderlein, 1883
Priacanthus hamrur Klunzinger, 1884
Priacanthus hamrur Day, 1889
Priacanthus speculum Sauvage, 1891
Priacanthus hamrur Boulenger, 1895
Priacanthus hamrur Steindachner, 1900
Priacanthus hamruhr Seale, 1906
Priacanthus hamrur Evermann and Seale, 1907
Priacanthus hamrur Fowler and Bean, 1922
Priacanthus hamrur Weber and de Beaufort, 1929
Priacanthus hamrua (Forsskal, 1775)
(Misspelling)
Priacanthus hamrus (Forsskal, 1775)
(Misspelling)
Priacanthus hanirur (Forsskal, 1775)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Moontail bullseye (English)
• Lobodugini
• Kulakkathi
• Mannaram
• Goggle-Eye (English)
• Filamented cardinal-fish (English)
• Paar musiru
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium. Marketed fresh or frozen.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Small fish, large zooplankton, polychaete worms,crustaceans and other invertebrates, Young prawns and tubiculous worms

Biogeography


• Kerala, Munambam Fisheries Harbour INDIA (Record: 01/1997-12/1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 19.5) (Long: 86.66) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 1443 mts)
• Kerala INDIA
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Coast INDIA (Record: 1998-2000) (Depth: 201-400 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• Gujarat, Veraval Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-01-10

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