Urochondra setulosa   (Trin.) Hubb.  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order:Cyperales
Family:Graminae

Image copyrights: www.halophyte.org

Description
Stout perennial grass, branches minutely velvety pubescent, ascending, 15-25 cm long. Leaves 7.5-15 cm long, involute, terete, ending in sharp spiny tips; sheaths short; ligule a narrow line of hairs. Inflorescence a spike-like panicle, upto 10 cm long, solitary. Spikelets densely imbricate, about 2.5 mm long; glumes 3, all 1-nerved and with ciliate keels; lower involucral glume about 1.5 mm long, linear-oblanceolate, spiculate; floral glume about 2.5 mm long, elliptic-oblong, obtuse; palea about 2 mm long, 2-fid, with ciliate lobes; stamens usually 2, rarely 3, filaments very long; anthers short.

Flowering and fruiting in December.

The species is readily distinguished from its terete, involute leaves with spine-like pointed tips and with velvety branches.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Nedi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(The species is readily distinguished from its terete, involute leaves with spine-like pointed tips.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra INDIA
• Gujarat, Little Rann of Kachchh INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Banerjee, LK; Sastry, RK and Nayar MP (1989) Mangroves in India: Identification manual Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Institute of Sustainable Halophyte Utilization Available at - http://www.halophyte.org/
  • Kathiresan, K and Rajendran, N (2005) Grow mangroves for protecting coral reefs! Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 41-48 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Stanley, OD (2004) Wetland ecosystems and coastal habitat diversity in Gujarat, India Journal of Coastal Development Diponegoro University & Indonesian Association of Oceanologists 7(2) 49-64 Available at - eprints.undip.ac.id/151/1/Wetland_ecosystem_and_coastal_habitat_diversity_in_gujarat_india.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-03-26

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