Digenea simplex   (Wulfen) C. Agardh,  1822 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Ceramiales
Family:Rhodomelaceae

Description
Color: Dark purple red, becoming green or grey when dried

Thalli 5-25 cm high, caespitose, erect, irregularly dichotomously branched above, denuded below, holdfast discoid. Branches cylindrical, cartilaginous, densely clothed with very short, hair-shaped branchlets. In transverse section, medulla consisting of 8-10 pericentral cells surrounding the axial cell in the branchlet. Tetrasporangia scattered on the swollen tips of branchlets. Cystocarps ovoid, scattered on the upper or middle part of branchlets.


Synonym (s)
Conferva simplex Wulfen, 1803
(Homotypic synonym)
Digenea wulfenii Kutzing, 1843
(Heterotypic synonym)
Fucus lycopodium Turner, 1811-1819
Caulerpa lycopodium C. Agardh, 1817
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladostephus lycopodium (C. Agardh) C. Agardh, 1824
(Heterotypic synonym)
Ceramium digenea Chiaje, 1829
(Heterotypic synonym)
Digenea lycopodium (Turner) Hering, 1835
(Heterotypic synonym)
Digenea vieillardii Kutzing, 1865
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Used in medicine as anthelmintic.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island (Lat: 7.24) (Long: 93.74) INDIA
• BAHRAIN
• KUWAIT
• MADAGASCAR
• MAURITIUS
• MOZAMBIQUE
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Clerk, OD; Coppejans, E; Schils,T; Verbruggen, H; Leliaert, F; Vriese, DT and Marie, D (2004) The marine red algae of Rodrigues (Mauritius, Indian Ocean) Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis 38 3021-3057 Available at - http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Basson, PW; Mohamed, SA and Arora, DK (1989) A survey of the benthic marine algae of Bahrain Botanica Marina 32 27-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bolton, JJ; Oyieke, HA and Gwada, P (2007) The seaweeds of Kenya: Checklist, history of seaweed study, coastal environment, and analysis of seaweed diversity and biogeography South African Journal of Botany 73 76-88 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Seaweed database: The seaweeds from the north central Gulf of Mexico (Alabama) Available at - http://www.bama.ua.edu/~jlopez/dbhome.htm
  • Tseng, CK (Ed.) (1983) Common seaweeds of China Science Press 316 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-14

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