Phalaropus lobatus   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Phalaropidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: 18-19 cm. Range mass: 20 to 48 g. Wingspan of 31 to 34 cm

Voice: Generally silent, twick in flight.

Habits: Pelagic, gregarious offshore, swims buoyantly like a cork and spins round, extremely tame in freshwater, also wades when foraging.

Female brighter and larger, A sandpiper-like bird with blackish bill. Non-breeding (winter): Crown, nape, a broad line through eyes and legs blackish, remaining upperparts grey streaked with white, forehead, unederparts and wing-bar white. Breeding (summer): Upperparts blackish-grey, sides of neck and foreneck rich rufous forming a broad band. Male duller, the rufous band divided by dark grey on the foreneck.

Breeding season: It breeds from late-May to August. Nest- The nest is a shallow scrape on bare ground or amongst sparse vegetation in sedge thickets or damp, grassy or hummocky areas close to water. Eggs- 4(occasionally 3)

Synonym (s)
Lobipes lobatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name (s)
• Rednecked Phalarope (English)
• Red-necked Phalarope (English)
• Chanchal, Laldok chanchal (Gujrati)
• Neer moozhki (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Ecosystem balance
(Probably the most significant feature of the phalarope is that it will eat the larvae of mosquitoes. As mosquitoes are a serious pest in certain locations around the world, the presence of the red-necked phalarope may have a small impact on these populations.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Chiefly plankton, insects and larvae, also small crustaceans, molluscs and worms.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Makran Coast PAKISTAN
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Myers, P; Espinosa, R; Parr, CS; Jones, T; Hammond, GS and Dewey, TA (2006) Animal diversity web Available at - http://animaldiversity.org.
  • Nikhil Raj PP, Ranjini J, Dhanya R, Subramanian J, Azeez PA and Bhupathy S (2010) Consolidated checklist of birds in the Pallikaranai Wetlands, Chennai, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(8) 1114-1118pp Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2010/July/o222026vii101114-1118.pdf
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1969) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 2 1-337pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2013-01-30

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