Anas acuta   Linnaeus,  1758 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Anseriformes
Family:Anatidae

Image copyrights: Animal Pictures Archive

Description
Size: Length male 66cm, female 51 cm.

Color: Mottled brown and buff.

Darke: upper plumage pencilled grey. Head chocolate, with band on either side runnung down into the white neck and underparts. Long, pointed pin-like feathers projecting well beyond the tail, usually sufficiently diagnostic. Characteristic elongated body and tapering tail, but without the pins. Differs from female Gadwall by absence of white in the wing, from female Mallard in lacking the bright wing-speculum. Pairs, or flocks, on reed-fringed vegetation-covered jheels.
feed on grain fields, including rice, wheat, barley, and oats.

Habits: One of our commonest migrant ducks. Amongst the first species to rise out of gunshot after shooting has commenced on a jheel, as if conscious of the esteem it enjoys as a sporting and table bird. Largely vegetarian in its food preferences. Grubs in squelchy mud in inundated cultivation and on grassy tank margins. Also 'up-ends' in shallow water.

Nesting: Season- in the Palaearctic Region (Europe, N. and C. Asia) May to July. Nest- a depression in grass in open marshy grassland, compactly lined with rushes and down feathers. Eggs-7 to 12, pale sea-green with a buffish tinge.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Pintail (English)
• Northern Pintail (English)
• Seenkh-par (Hindi)
• Dighonch (Hindi)
• Sand (Hindi)
• Vaalan eranda (Malayalam)
• Sudi toka batu (Telugu)
• Oosival chiravi, Markalian (Tamil)
• Saruchi, Talvaar badak (Marathi)
• Singpar (Gujarati)
• Meitunga
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Hunting, egg collection by locals, wetland habitat loss on its breeding and wintering ground.)
Importance:  Commercial
(hunting, egg collection and also trade in medicinal market.)
Threats:  Natural threats
(The pecies is predated by feral cats Felis catus and rats Rattus norvegicus on islands, and is susceptible to avian botulism and avian influenza so may be threatened by future outbreaks of these diseases.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Chiefly vegetable matter, to a lesser extent also molluscs, worms, water insects and larvae
Predator:  feral cats Felis catus and rats Rattus norvegicus
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Goa, Carambolim INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet Mangroves (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA
• Haryana, Kurukshetra INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Goa, Chapora estuary INDIA
• Goa, Agarwaddo marshes INDIA (Record: 26/01/1985)
• Goa, Sinquerim creek INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi estuary INDIA (Record: 09/01/2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003, 2008)
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Animal Photo Album Available at - http://www.animalpicturesarchive.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Borges, SD and Shanbhag, AB (2008) Food resource partitioning among waterbirds wintering on the Diwar wetland in the Mandove estuary of Goa, India Proceedings of Taal2007:The 12th World Lake conference 124-130 Available at - http://wldb.ilec.or.jp/data/ilec/wlc12/A%20-%20Ecology%20&%20Biodiversity/A-21.pdf
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO
  • Gupta RC, Kaushik TK and Gupta PK (2012) WINTER MIGRATORY WETLAND BIRDS IN HARYANA ARE CONFRONTING ADVERSE CONDITIONS IN RURAL PONDS Resulting in reduction in arrival number: A case study of village Amin in Thanesar block in Kurukshetra district Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences 2 (1) 7pp Available at - http://www.cibtech.org/J%20LIFE%20SCIENCES/PUBLICATIONS/2012/Vol%202%20No%201/1-002%20Gupta-Migratory.pdf
  • Kumar P and Gupta SK (2009) Diversity and Abundance of Wetland Birds around Kurukshetra, India Our Nature 7 212-217 Available at - http://www.mtnforum.org/sites/default/files/pub/6167.pdf
  • Deiva Oswin S (1999) Avifaunal diversity of Muthupet mangrove forest Zoo's print journal 14(6) 47-53 Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/1999/June/47-53.pdf
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  • Sivaperuman C and Jayson EA (2000) Birds of Kol wetland, Thrissur, Kerala Zoo's print journal 15(10) 344-349pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2000/October/344-349.pdf
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at - http://envis-eptri.ap.nic.in/images/Vol.10,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Shanbag A.B, Walia R and Borges S.D (2001) Impact of Konkan railway project on the avifauna of Carambolim lake in Goa Zoos' print journal 16(6) 503-508 Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2001/June/503-508.pdf
  • Narayanan SP, Thomas AP and Sreekumar B (2011) Ornithofauna and its conservation in the Kuttanad wetlands, southern portion of Vembanad-Kole Ramsar site, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(4) 1663–1676 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2011/April/o187026iv111663-1676.pdf
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at - http://www.orientalbirdclub.org/publications/forktail/19pdfs/Urfi-Okhla.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-08-27

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