Phoeniconaias minor   (Geoffroy,  1798) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Size: 90-105 cm.

Voice: Goose-like hoot higher than Greater Flamingo.

Habits: Gregarious, frequently found in company with Greater Flamingo, however, differs in feeding habits from former, as it sieves the diatoms from water surface when walking or swimming. Breeds in Little and Great Rann of Kutch during June-July but may take place up to January, nest like those of Greater Flamingo.

Adult: Sexes more or less alike, female smaller and paler, without crimson on scapulars, back or breast, comparatively smaller flamingos with much deeper rose-pink plumage, dark bill with crimson-red centre and crimson feathers around base, and red legs and feet. In flight, the contrasting crimson and black underwing is prominent. Juvenile: Greyish-brown with darker bill.

Synonym (s)
Phoenicopterus minor (Geoffroy, 1798)

Common Name (s)
• Lesser Flamingo (English)
• Chhota raajhans (Hindi)
• Nano balo, Nano hunj (Gujrati)
• Chota rohit (Marathi)
• Vankara mooti konga (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(It breeds in huge colonies on large, undisturbed alkaline and saline lakes, and is adapted to respond to local environmental changes in sites by moving elsewhere, and thus depends on a network of suitable areas, however, proposed soda-ash mining and hydroelectric power schemes in what is in effect the only breeding site in the Rift Valley, Lake Natron in Tanzania, colud cause rapid overall population declines and permanently alter the ecosystem on which the species depends. other threats include land claim, water pollution, and disturbance.)

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Chiefly algae and plankton, occasionally insect larvae, regularly drinks fresh water.
IUCN Status:  NearThreatened


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Mahi River estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Bet Dwarka INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at -
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Available at -
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at -
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at -
  • Pandya PJ and Vachhrajani KD (2010) Birds of Mahi River estuary, Gujarat, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(6) 994-1000pp Available at -
  • Urfi AJ (2002) Waders and other wetland birds on Byet Dwarka Island, Gulf of Kutch, western India Wader Study Group Bull. 31-34 Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-07-10

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