Amphipholis squamata   (Delle Chiaje,  1828) (Brittle Star)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Ophiuroidea
Order:Ophiurida
Family:Amphiuridae

Image copyrights: Bernard Picton

Description
Diameter of the disc (d.d.) = very small to 2 mm.

Dorsal disc scales distinct, central ones a little larger than the rest. Radial shields large, half the disc radius in length, twice as long as wide, contiguous. Ventral disc scales smaller, imbricate. Oral papillae three on each side of the jaw – one infradental and two lateral papillae, the distal papilla operculiform, twice as broad as middle one – together closing the oral slit. Adoral shields meeting in front of the oral shields. Dorsal arm plates wider than long, distal margin convex. Arm spines three, as long as the segment. Two tentacle scales.


Synonym (s)
Asterias squamata Delle Chiaje, 1828
Amphipholis squamata Cherbonnier and Guille, 1978
Amphioplus squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828)
Amphipholis appressa Ljungman, 1872
Amphipholis australiana H.L. Clark, 1909
Amphipholis elegans (Farquhar, 1897)
Amphipholis japonica Matsumoto, 1915
Amphipholis kinbergi Ljungman, 1872
Amphipholis lineata Ljungman, 1872
Amphipholis minor (Doderlein, 1910)
Amphipholis tenera (Lutken, 1856)
Amphipholis tenuispina (Ljungman, 1865)
Amphipholis tissieri Reys, 1961
Amphiura elegans Farquhar, 1897
Amphiura neglecta Forbes, 1843
Amphiura tenera Lutken, 1856
Amphiura tenuispina Ljungman, 1865
Asteria squamata Delle Chiaje, 1828
Asterias noctiluca Viviani, 1805
Asterias squamata Delle Chiaje, 1828
Axiognathus squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1829)
Ophiactis minor Doderlein, 1910

Common Name (s)
• Brooding Snake Star (English)
• Dwarf Brittle Star (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 19/12/1979)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 31/03/1984)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 13/12/1979)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 14/02/1986)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1963-1970)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sastry, DRK (1991) Echinodermata: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 363-397 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland Available at - http://www.habitas.org.uk/marinelife/index.html
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed National Marine Park in the Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 1 403-406 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2360/1/Article_64.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • James, DB. (1983) Sea cucumber and sea urchin resources and Beche-de-mer industry Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 85-93 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-21

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