Enteromorpha linza [Status Unaccepted]   (Linnaeus) J. Agardh,  1883 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Chlorophyta
Class: Ulvophyceae
Order:Ulvales
Family:Ulvaceae

Description
Size: Plants up to 70 cm high and 15 cm broad, but mostly much smaller

Thallus form and type: Tubular and leafy

Substratum: Rocks and on any floating structures in the sea

Occurrence: Upper littoral and mid littoral zone

Season: August-april

Thallus strap-shaped, oblong, oblanceolate or irregular in outline, smooth, with undulating to ruffled, the two layers adnate and with hollow margins; rigid or lubricous. Plants unbranched or seldom with one or two broad branches in the upper basal part of the main frond. The basal parts of the thallus gradually narrowed towards the base, into firm (in large plants) to slender (in small plants) stipe, with a stout disciform holdfast, from which new thalli may arise.

Cells in the middle and apical region characteristically quadrangular to rectangular, but often also irregularly polygonal in large areas of these regions, showing mostly equal divisions arranged in short to long longitudinal and transverse cell rows. Chloroplasts are cap-shaped with 1 pyrenoid in most of the cells.


Synonym (s)
Ulva linza Linnaeus, 1753
Ulva lanceolata Linnaeus, 1767
Enteromorpha bertolonii Montagne, 1846

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(The seaweed meal from green seaweeds is used as aquafeed and livestock feed in some countries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Kakdwip INDIA
• Kerala, Tangasseri INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• Kerala, Thirumullavaram INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• Kerala, Neendakara INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• Kerala, Ashtamudi Estuary INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• MAURITIUS
• SEYCHELLES
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari (Lat: 8.07) (Long: 77.56) INDIA (Record: 02/1993)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Gopnath INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Schilsa, T; Clerck, OD; Leliaerta, F; Bolton, JJ and Coppejans, E (2001) The change in macroalgal assemblages through the Saldanha Bay/ Langebaan lagoon ecosystem (South Africa) Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, Germany 44 295-305 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • DigiMus2.0 – The Software for Digital Museum of Seaweed Specimen Records Available at - http://www.niobioinformatics.org/digimus.php
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Pal, R (2000) A brief report on the taxonomy and in vitro culture of Enteromorpha and Ulva from West Bengal coast Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu 22 (1 & 2) 51-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • dkimages.com Available at - www.dkimages.com
  • Sulekha, S and Panikkar, MVN (2006) Marine green algal flora of Kollam Coast, Kerala, South India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association and Suganthi Devadason Marine Research Institute 28(1) 5-21 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Devi, G; Sreekumari, TS; Ammal, GS; Sobha, V and Nayar, TV (1996) Organic constituents (mannitol, carbohydrate, lipid and protein) of marine algae of Cape Comorin - A preliminary study Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 18(1-2) 67-72 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-11-23

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