Turritella columnaris   Kiener,  1843 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Caenogastropoda
Family:Turritellidae

Image copyrights: Femorale

Description
Size: 54.10-74.45 mm.

Color: Yellowish brown with vertical brown stripes and blotches.

Shell large, elongated, lanceolately turreted, with about 30 whorls, suture excavated and not much inflated, sometimes flattened in the middle, base strongly angulated. Whorls without keel, spiral ridges of same size. Sculptured with two strong spiral striations on the earlier whorls, others obsoletely granulated, more or less with about 10 uniform spiral ridges.


Synonym (s)
Turritella columnaris Rajagopal and Mookherjee, 1982

Common Name (s)
• Screw Shell (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Orissa, Chhatrapur INDIA (Record: 24/11/1962)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Gujarat, Hanumandandi Reef INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Madras INDIA
• Pondicherry INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Manna, RN (1995) Mollusca Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 391-468 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Gopalakrishnan, P (1970) Some observations on the shore ecology of the Okha Coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin, India 120(1&2) 15-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-10

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