Paractaea speciosa   (Dana)  (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Xanthidae

Image copyrights: Government of India

Description
Size: Width 11.5 mm; length 9 mm.

Carapace somewhat flattened, roughly pentagonal to subcircular in outline and devoid of long hairs except on the grooves. Lobules less convex, flattish but distinctly demarcated by shallow hairy grooves into series of lobules that appear to radiate from mid-cardiac region. Lobulation on posterior third of the carapace incomplete. 2M incompletely divided into two unequal lobes; 1M, 1L-6L, 4M all are distinct; 1P rhomboidal in shape; 2P rectangular; all the lobules of carapace and appendages are closely covered with miliary granules, which are less distinct postero-dorsally and almost indistinct on lower surface. Fine, even, soft and short, yellow felt covered the surface between the granules and the grooves between the lobules. Four shallow subequal lobes present on the antero-lateral sides and the postero-lateral sides are concave, shorter than the former.
The flat lobes covered the carpus, propodus of legs and chelipeds are of same sculpture and texture as that of the antero-lateral part of carapace. Fingers pointed with slight indication of hollowness at tips.

Anterior male pleopod stout, slightly curved, gradually tapers apically; apex thin, doubly edged; inner subterminal side fringed with a group of few gradually increasing long setae. Outer and inner sides of subapical region armed with scattered spinules. Basal region of the process is thickly fringed with long, plumose setae.


Synonym (s)
Actaea speciosa A.M.Edw, 1865
Actaeodes speciosa Dana, 1852
Peeudoliomera speciosa Guinot, 1969

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• MALDIVES
• Red Sea

Literature Source(s)
  • Deb, M (1989) Contribution to the study of Xanthidae: Actaeinae (Decapoda: Crustacea) of India Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional Paper No. 117 ZSI, Calcutta 59 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2010-11-08

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