Banareia banareias   (Rathbun,  1911) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Xanthidae

Description
Size: Width 47.5 mm; length 33.5 mm; front 8 mm; fronto-orbital length 18 mm; posterior border 16 mm

A large, strongly convex crab, entire dorsal surface and appendages covered and concealed by a thick, shaggy, dark coat of soft, fine, long hairs. Under the hair the regions and subregions on the carapace are distinctly demarcated. Conical, scattered, irregularly placed granules present all over the surface. Cardiac region heart-shaped and divided longitudinally into two lobes. Anterolateral side longer than posterolateral, strongly arched, divided into five low teeth separated by prominent tubercles, including the outer orbital corner, few smaller tubercles also present near the outer orbital corner. The 4th tooth of anterolateral side is more prominent. Postero-lateral sides shorter, concave and armed with tubercles, two most prominent. Orbits rounded, edge granulate, three granules on outer corner most prominent, a thick subacute tooth on lower inner corner present.

Front narrow, median notch deep, V-shaped; outer corner or tooth blunt, prominent and appears as four tubercular. Antennules transversely folded. Chelipeds almost equal, massive, thickly adorned with hairs and bristles; three edges of arm beaded with a sub distal, prominent tubercle on upper edge. Inner corner of wrist flat, straight. Entire outer surface of wrist and palm granulate thickly. Edges of carapace and appendages granulate. Upper and lower edges of palm and fingers granular, thickly adorned with bristles; fingers thin, compressed, black, hooked and pointed at tips, not much gaping when apposed. Edges of leg joints thickly adorned with bristles, upper edges of merus of first three pairs of legs beaded.

Male abdomen seven jointed, sternal plates markedly granular. Anterior male pleopod is curved, stout, tubular process, apex obtusely rounded and spooned at tip, edges of apex fringed with long, plumose setae, outer subapical region thickly spinulose.


Synonym (s)
Actaea banareias Rathbun, 1911
Banarela banareias Guinot, 1971

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15.41) (Long: 80.59) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Waltair Coast INDIA (Record: 19/02/1979)

Literature Source(s)
  • Deb, M (1989) Contribution to the study of Xanthidae: Actaeinae (Decapoda: Crustacea) of India Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional Paper No. 117 ZSI, Calcutta 59 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2010-08-24

Back to Search