Actaea peronii   (H. Milne Edwards,  1834) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Xanthidae

Image copyrights: Museum Victoria Australia

Description
Size: Width 8 mm; length 6 mm

Small crab with broadly oval, moderately convex carapace, covered with smooth, polished, well isolated tubercles which are largest and stalked on the branchial regions, and smallest and squamiform on posterior border and on lower, outer part of hands. Lobules 1M, 2M-4M, 1P are distinct. Four antero-lateral lobes represented by 4 large, stalked tubercles.

Exposed surfaces of wrists and hands covered with more prominent, smooth tubercles, like those on the branchial regions. Carpus and propodus of legs covered with stout spines which are smaller on merus and are still more smaller on dactylus. Fingers brown, short and blunt pointed. Front bilobed, each lobe with a prominent outer angle, supra-orbital border armed with a series of tubercles.

Anterior male pleopod narrow, curved; apex narrow, obtuse and distinctly spooned. Inner sub-apical region adorned with a cluster of 12-15 long setae, outer part of that region is thickly studded with stout spinules which are gradually decreasing in size towards the lower proximal end.


Synonym (s)
Xantho peronii H.Milne Edwards, 1834
Xantho spinosus Hess, 1865
Actaea peronii Haswell, 1882

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Deb, M (1989) Contribution to the study of Xanthidae: Actaeinae (Decapoda: Crustacea) of India Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional Paper No. 117 ZSI, Calcutta 59 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Museum Victoria Available at - http://museumvictoria.com.au/
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-17

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