Lithophyllum kotschyanum   Unger,  1858 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Florideophyceae

Image copyrights: William H. Magruder and Jeffrey W. Hunt

Color: Pink-purple

Thalli crustaceous with stout protuberances arising from crust in advanced stage and forming dense heads, 6 cm long, 11 cm diameter. Protuberances broad, flat or rounded, fusing often near tips, sometimes sub-dichotomously branched.

In vertical section of protuberances, cells of medulla (hypothallium) sub-rectangular, in central portion (13-) 15-30 (-36) µm long, 5-13 µm diameter, cortex (perithallium) layered, cells sub-quadrate, 7-10 µm diameter, sometimes sub-rectangular, 7-20 µm long, 5-10 µm diameter, epithallium one layered, cells sub-rectangular, 3-5 µm long, 5-7 µm diameter, secondary pit connections often found between adjacent cell-rows of hypothallium and perithallium. Sporangial conceptacles slightly convex, uniporic, borne along sides of branches, 270-360 µm inside diameter, sporangia bisporic, 42-50 µm long, 25-33 µm diameter, located around periphery of conceptacle cavity.

Synonym (s)
Lithophyllum kotschyanum Unger, 1858
Lithothamnion kaiseri Heydrich, 1897
(Heterotypic synonym)
Lithophyllum kaiseri (Heydrich) Heydrich, 1897
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal


• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Schils, T; Coppejans, E; Verbruggen, H; Clerck, OD and Leliaert, F (2004) The marine flora of Rodrigues (Republic of Mauritius, Indian Ocean): An island with low habitat diversity or one in the process of colonisation? Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis 38 3059-3076
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at -
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bolton, JJ; Oyieke, HA and Gwada, P (2007) The seaweeds of Kenya: Checklist, history of seaweed study, coastal environment, and analysis of seaweed diversity and biogeography South African Journal of Botany 73 76-88 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Magruder, WH and Hunt, JW (1999) Seaweeds of Hawaii Available at -
  • Tseng, CK (Ed.) (1983) Common seaweeds of China Science Press 316 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-04-04

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