Plectorhinchus picus   (Cuvier,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Max. size: 85 cm.

Color: Juveniles creamy-white with black blotches and spots. Adults covered with dark brown spots on head, back, sides and fins; dorsal fin dark brown to blackish with a median horizontal grey stripe on membranes only; pelvic fin bases vermillion in some specimens; inside of mouth, hind edge of maxilla, gill cover membrane and bases of pectoral fins vermillion, scarlet or red-brown; belly pale mauve grey.

Lips fleshy, swollen with age; chin with 6 pores but no median pit; gillrakers on first arch 31 to 40 (8 to 13 on upper limb, 1 at corner and 22 to 26 on lower limb). Dorsal fin with 12 spines and 19 or 20 soft rays; height of soft part of dorsal fin much shorter than its base. Scales ctenoid (rough to touch). Lateral line with about 70 tubed scales.

Synonym (s)
Diagramma pica Cuvier, 1830
(Senior synonym)
Diagramma pica Cuvier, 1828
(Senior synonym)
Gaterin picus (Cuvier, 1830)
(Senior synonym)
Plectorhinchus orientalis (non Bloch, 1793)
(Misapplied name)

Common Name (s)
• Black and White Sweetlip (English)
• Dotted Sweetlip (English)
• Maple Sweetlip (English)
• Orientalis Sweetlip (English)
• Spotted Sweetlips (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Generally marketed fresh.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Prey:  Feeds on crustaceans and mollusks


• Pondicherry (Lat: 11.77) (Long: 78.88) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal INDIA
• Persian Gulf
• Gulf of Oman

Literature Source(s)
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-04-12

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