Nodularia spumigena   Mertens in Jurgens,  1822 (Cyanobacteria formerly Blue Green Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Bacteria
Phylum:Cyanobacteria
Class: Cyanophyceae
Order:Nostocales
Family:Nostocaceae

Image copyrights: Pernilla Lundgren

Description
Size: Trichomes 8-18 µm in diameter.

Cells discoid, three or four times shorter than their diameter; heterocysts discoid, of slightly greater dimensions than the vegetative cells; spores 12-15 µm in diameter, 6-12 µm long, not contiguous to the heterocysts; sheaths delicate or fused into a stratum.


Synonym (s)
Nodularia spumigena Mertens in Jurgens, 1822
Nostoc spumigena (Mertens) Drouet, 1978
(Homotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(Produces a peptide, hepatotoxin, which can kill domestic and wild animals that drink from the shores of eutrophic ponds, lakes and reservoirs. Affected animals include: cattle, horses, sheep, dogs, pigs, fowl, turkeys, mice, and perhaps other birds and fish. The toxin is known to contaminate drinking water and may also accumulate in mussels.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram, Periakadavu INDIA (Record: 04/2000-03/2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Mutupet Mangrove (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA (Record: 2002-2003)
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudukottai, Ammapattinam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudukottai, Kattumavadi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudukottai, Prathaparamanpattinam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Nagarkar, S (1998) New records of marine cyanobacteria from rocky shores of Hong Kong Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 41 527- 542 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nedumaran, T; Thillairajasekar, K and Perumal, P (2008) Mangrove associated cyanobacteria at Pichavaram, Tamilnadu Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 77-85 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Sudha, SS; Panneerselvam, A and Thajuddin, N (2007) Seasonal variation of cyanobacteria at Muthupet mangrove environs, Tamilnadu, South India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 29(1 & 2) 263-271 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nedumaran, T and Manokaran, S (2009) Cyanobacterial flora in some salt pans of Pudukkottai district, Tamil Nadu, India Journal of Phytology 1(3) 169–171 Available at - http://journal-phytology.com/article/view/699/588
  • Humm, HJ and Wicks, SR (1980) Introduction and guide to the Marine bluegreen algae A Wiley-Interscience Publication, John Wiley and Sons 194 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • School of Ocean and Earth Science Available at - http://www.soton.ac.uk/soes/

Page last updated on:2011-03-10

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