Arothron hispidus   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Tetraodontiformes
Family:Tetraodontidae

Image copyrights: Kochzius, M

Description
Max. size: 50.0 cm TL.

Max. published weight: 2,010 g.

Color: The body is generally greenish-brown in color, the back, sides and caudal fin profusely speckled with white spots, and the belly marked with white bars. A single bent lateral line.

Dorsal spines (total): 0-0, Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 10 - 11. Body with small spines except around snout and caudal peduncle. Each nostril with two fleshy solid tentacles. Restricted gill opening.


Synonym (s)
Dilobomycterus hispidus (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Senior synonym)
Takifugu hispidus (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Senior synonym)
Crayracion hispidus (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Senior synonym)
Tetraodon hispidus Linnaeus, 1758
(Senior synonym)
Tetraodon perspicillaris Ruppell, 1829
(Junior synonym)
Tetraodon sazanami Tanaka, 1916
(Junior synonym)
Tetraodon semistriatus Ruppell, 1837
(Junior synonym)
Tetrodon laterna Richardson, 1845
(Junior synonym)
Tetrodon pusillus Klunzinger, 1871
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• White Spotted Blowfish (English)
• Bankocho (Konkani)
• Gali Koli (Mahl)
• Oothunnon (Malayalam)
• Variyan Chundu (Malayalam)
• Veerkunnon (Malayalam)
• Bristly Puffer (English)
• White-spotted Puffer (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Aquarium, fisheries
Poisonous to eat)
Cultured:  Unknown

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Crabs, hard corals, other polyps, debris, sea stars/brittle stars, other echinoderms, sea urchins, bivalves, gastropods, benthic algae/weeds, ascidians, sponges,polychaetes

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Lakshadweep, Amini Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Rajasegar, M and Sendhilkumar, R (2009) Finfish Resources of Karaikal,South East Coast of India World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 1 (4) 330-332 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms1%284%2909/13.pdf
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balan, V (1958) Notes on a visit to certain islands of the Laccadive Archipelago, with special reference to fisheries Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 55 (2) 297-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6009/1/1.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-05

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