Acanthocybium solandri   (Cuvier,  1832) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scombridae

Image copyrights: SFTEP

Description
Size : 150-250 cm.

Max. published weight: 83.0 kg

Color: The back is iridescent bluish green; the sides silvery with 24 to 30 cobalt blue vertical bars which extend to below the lateral line. Dark grey with faint traces of ventral bands.

Body shape elongate. Mouth large with strong, triangular, compressed and finely serrate teeth. Snout about as long as the rest of head. Posterior part of maxilla completely concealed under preorbital bone. Gill rakers absent. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Swim bladder present. Body covered with small scales. No anterior corselet developed. Height about 7 in total length. Head 6.6 in total length. Eye about 6 in snout. Snout about 1.3 in head. Lower jaw some waht longer than upper jaw. About 50 triangular, slightly serrated teeth in each jaw. Bands of villi form teeth on vomer and palatines. Cleft of mouth extending to below eye. Posterior part of maxillary covered by pre-orbital. Lateral line arched in anterior part, straight behind 17th dorsal spine. Scales very small. Pectorals reaching to below 10th dorsal spine. Dorsal spines (total): 23 - 27; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 16; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 12 - 14; Vertebrae: 62 - 64

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Spawning seems to extend over a long period; fish in different maturity stages are frequently caught at the same time.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Cybium solandri Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Cybium solandri Gunther, 1876
Acanthocybium solandri Boulenger, 1897
Acanthocybium solandri Jenkins, 1904
Acanthocybium solandri Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Acanthocybium sara Jordan and Starks, 1917
Acanthocybium solandri Kishinouye, 1923
Acanthocybium solandri E. K. Jordan, 1925
Acanthocybium solandri Fowler, 1928
Acanthocybium solandri Hardenberg, 1934
Acanthocybium solandri Fowler, 1938
Acanthocybium forbesi Seale, 1912
(Junior synonym)
Acanthocybium petus (Poey, 1860)
(Junior synonym)
Acanthocybium sara (Lay & Bennett, 1839)
(Junior synonym)
Cybium petus Poey, 1860
(Junior synonym)
Cybium sara Lay & Bennett, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Cybium solandri Cuvier, 1832
(Senior synonym)
Cybium verany Doderlein, 1872
(Junior synonym)
Scomber amarui Curtiss, 1938
(Junior synonym)
Acanthocybium solanderi (Cuvier, 1832)
(Misspelling)
Acanthocybrium solandri (Cuvier, 1832)
(Misspelling)
Acanthoscybium solanderi (Cuvier, 1832)
(Misspelling)
Acantocybium solandri (Cuvier, 1832)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Wahoo (English)
• Ayakkura (Malayalam)
• Oria Neemeen (Malayalam)
• Oriameen (Malayalam)
• Digumas
• Wachoo (English)
• Savaran
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, game fish
Causes ciguatera poisoning)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, finfish, bony fish, cephalopods, benthic algae/weeds, other plants
Predator:  Carcharhinus albimarginatus

Biogeography


• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 2004-2006)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 9.98) (Long: 70) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 40-400 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Rohit, P; Rao, GS and Rammohan, K (2008) Yellowfin tuna fishery by traditional fishermen at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 62-68 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Discover life Available at - http://www.discoverlife.org/
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5269/1/43.pdf
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Jones, S; Silas, EG and Dawson, E (1960) New records of scombroid fishes from the Andaman-Nicobar waters Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 2(1) 130-133 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1619/1/Jones_136-138.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Mohan, RSL and Murty, VS (1989) Other fin-fish resources Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 65-72 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-30

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