Champsodon capensis   Regan,  1908 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: CSIRO

Size: 13.3 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens brownish. Underside and sides of head silvery. Fins hyaline, first dorsal sometimes dusky at tip.

Height 5.1-5.4, 6.3-6.5 in length with caudal. Head 3.3, 4 in length with caudal. Eye 4.5-4.6, 1.1 in snout. Inter orbital space flat, 1.5-2 in eye. A pair of parallel ridges from snout along inter orbital space to occiput, where they are wider apart, then diverging and ending in a supra-clavicular spine. Two diverging spines on the lower border of the preorbital and a dagger like spine at the angle of the preopercle, directed backwards, and as long as eye. A knob at symphysis of upper jaw, between two notches of the premaxillaries. Mouth very large, oblique, maxillary reaching beyond vertical through hind border of eye. A narrow row of villiform teeth and a row of distant long and slender depressible teeth in the jaws, those of the lower jaw longer than those of the upper jaw. Two small fleshy tentacles on superior part of eye. Head covered with small granular scales. Distance between origing of first and second dorsals 2.4-2.7 in distance between tip of snout and origin of first dorsal. Origin of anal midways between tip of snout and base of caudal. End of anal below end of second dorsal. Pectorals equal to postorbital part of head. Ventrals with the 3rd and 4th rays longest, equal to head without snout. Caudal deeply forked, the lobes pointed.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Champsodon vorax Gunther, 1880
Champsodon vorax Alcock, 1889
Champsodon capensis Tate Regan, 1908
Champsodon arafurensis M. Weber, 1913
Champsodon capensis Barnard, 1927
Champsodon capensis Norman, 1939
Champsodon curtipes Fowler, 1943
Champsodon capensis Regan, 1908
Champsodon capensis Regan, 1908
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Gaper
• Gapers
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Pelagic
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes
Predator:  Merluccius capensis, Pterogymnus laniarius


• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Off Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Off West Coast INDIA
• Lakshadweep Sea INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 1680-4280 mts)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-05

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