Liza melinoptera   (Valenciennes,  1836) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: SFSA

Size: 18-30 cm.

Color: Olive-brown dorsally, silvery or white ventrally. Distal margins of dorsal fins and caudal fin are dusky.

Body robust, head wide, dorsally flattened. Head length 26 to 29% of standard length; fatty (adipose) tissue partially covering iris; lips thin, lower lip with a high symphysial knob; hind end of upper jaw reaching vertical from anterior rim of eye; teeth labial, a row of short curving teeth on edge of upper lip and scattered teeth behind, scattered and ciliiform in lower lip; preorbital bone wide, filling the space between lip and eye, notched anteriorly. First dorsal fin origin nearer to caudal fin base than to snout tip; second dorsal fin origin at vertical through middle of anal fin base; pectoral axillary scale absent; pectoral fin 73 to 77% of head length; anal fin with 3 spines and 9 soft rays; second dorsal and anal fins densely scaled. Scales in lateral series 26 to 31; 9 or 10 transverse scales from first dorsal fin origin to pelvic fin origin.

Dioecious with external fertilization. Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive.

Synonym (s)
Mugil ceramensis Bleeker, 1852
Mugil oligolepis Day, 1876
Mugil oligolepis Smith, 1935
Mugil oligolepis Smith, 1948
Mugil oligolepis Smith, 1949
Mugil oligolepis Day, 1859
Mugil anpinensis Oshima, 1922
Chelon melinopterus (Valenciennes, 1836)
Ellochelon luciae Penrith & Penrith, 1967
Ellochelon melinoptera (Valenciennes, 1836)
Liza ceramensis (Bleeker, 1852)
Liza luciae (Penrith & Penrith, 1967)
Liza melanoptera (Valenciennes, 1836)
Liza melinopterus (Valenciennes, 1836)
Mugil melinopterus Valenciennes, 1836

Common Name (s)
• Otombora Mullet (English)
• Otomebora Mullet (English)
• St. Lucia Mullet (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Prey:  Detritus, phytoplankton


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-20

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