Pomadasys argyreus   (Valenciennes,  1833) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Haemulidae

Description
Size: 19-40 cm.

Color: Silvery, darker above, fins yellowish-brown. Young individuals with a large dusky steel-blue blotch on the operculum.

Height 2.4-2.7, 2.8-3.2 in length with caudal. Head 2.6-2.8, 3.2-3.3 in length with caudal. eye 3.2-4.7, 1-1.7 in snout and more than slightly convex inter orbital space. Mouth somewhat oblique, maxillary reaching to below front border of pupil or not so far. Very narrow bands of small pointed teeth in the jaws, those of the outer row enlarged. Scales on head rather large, be ginning before eyes in line connecting posterior nostrils. Scales on preoperculum of unequal size. Hind border of preoperculum slightly concave, with blunt rather distant serrations. Dorsal spines rather slender. First spine half as long as second, which is more than half length of third. Third spine longest, slightly more than eye and snout together. Following spines gradually decreasing in length, the two posterior ones of equal size. First soft dorsal ray as long as 8th or 9th spine, dorsal therefore moderately notched. Soft dorsal slightly rounded. First anal spine length of eye. Second spine longer but not always much stronger than third one, equal to post orbital part of head or somewhat longer. First soft anal ray somewhat longer than third spine, equal to diameter of eye. Soft anal truncate. Pectorals as long as head or slightly shorter. Ventrals with the first ray produced, equal to head without snout. Caudal truncate. Medium-sized fish of moderately deep, compressed body. Predorsal scales very large, beginning between the nostrils. Preoperculum with coarse distant serrations, and scales extending on to flange. Dorsal spines (total): 12-12, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 8.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Pristipoma argyreum Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1833
Pristipoma argyreum Bleeker, 1850
Pristipoma guoraca Cantor, 1805
Pristipoma guoraca Kner, 1865
Pristipoma argyreum Day, 1870
Pristipoma argyreum Bleeker, 1873
Pristipoma guoraca Day, 1888
Pomadasys argyreus Bleeker, 1877
Pomadasys argyreus Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Pristipoma argyreum M. Weber, 1913
Pristipoma argyreum Hase, 1914
Pomadasys guoraka Barnard, 1927
Pomadasis grunniens Fowler, 1931
Pristipoma guoraca Machan, 1930
Pomadasys guoraca Fowler, 1931
Pomadasys grunniens Herre, 1931
Pristipoma argyreum Valenciennes, 1833

Common Name (s)
• Silver Grunter (English)
• Bluecheek Silver Grunter (English)
• Bluecheek Silver Grunt (English)
• Ghothar
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, also salted)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Muddy, Coastal
Prey:  Bottom living invertebrates and fishes

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2009/March/o198526iii09166-169.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-17

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