Lobotes surinamensis   (Bloch,  1790) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 100-110 cm.

Max. weight reported: 19.2 kg.

Color: Adults are dark brownish or greenish yellow above and silvery grey below. Pectorals are pale yellow, other fins darker than body, caudal fin with yellow margin.

Height more or less than twice in length, head 2.5 to nearly 3. Eye according to size 5 to more than 8 in head, 1.2 to 2.7 in convex inter orbital space, equal to or twice in short broad snout which goes 4 to 4.5 in length of head. Upper jaw extending to below posterior half or hind border of eye, suborbital lower than diameter of pupil. Scales round posterior half of eye small, somewhat larger on front and occiput, more so on chest and opercles, on operculum in seven to eight oblique rows, on preoperculum behind cheeks in about sixteen to seventeen transverse rows, its posterior border bentate, the rounded somewhat prominent angle with upward hooked teeth in young, later on spiniform, diminishing in size in old, continued but getting smaller on posterior half of lower border. Spinous dorsal more than one third longer than soft which is much higher than spinous dorsal and than the opposite also lobed soft anal. Pectorals about as long as postocular part of head, ventrals slightly longer, Caudal rounded, least height of its peduncle more than twice in head. For other characters see those of the genus. Rounded caudal fin that appear as single 3-lobed fin. Dorsal spines (total): 11-12, Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 11-12.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Bodianus triourus Mitchill, 1815
(Junior synonym)
Holocentrus surinamensis Bloch, 1790
(Senior synonym)
Lobotes auctorum Gunther, 1859
(Junior synonym)
Lobotes citrinus Richardson, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Lobotes erate Cuvier, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Lobotes farkharii Cuvier, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Lobotes incurvus Richardson, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Lobotes somnolentus Cuvier, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Holocentrus surinamensis Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Holocentrus surinam Lacepede, 1802
Lobotes surinamensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Lobotes erate Bleeker, 1845
Lobotes erate Bleeker, 1850
Lobotes erate Cantor, 1850
Lobotes erate Ruppell, 1852
Lobotes erate Blyth, 1861
Lobotes surinamensis Day, 1865
Lobotes auctorum Playfair, 1866
Lobotes auctorum Bleeker, 1868
Lobotes surinamensis Bleeker, 1877
Lobotes surinamensis Day, 1888
Lobotes auctorum Macleary, 1881
Lobotes surinamensis Day, 1889
Lobotes surinamensis Sauvage, 1891
Lobotes surinamensis Duncker, 1904
Lobotes surinamensis Lloyd, 1907
Lobotes surinamensis Jordan and Thompson, 1911
Lobotes surinamensis Jordan, Tanaka and Snyder, 1913
Lobotes surinamensis McCulloch, 1919
Lobotes surinamensis Barnard, 1927
Lobotes surinamensis Marshall, 1928
Lobotes surinamensis Fowler, 1928
Lobotes surinamensis McCulloch, 1929
Lobotes surinamensis Dunker and Mohr, 1929
Lobotes surinamensis Herre, 1931
Lobotes surinamensis Fowler, 1931
Lobotes surinamensis Delsman and Hardenberg, 1934
Lobotes surinamensis Day, 1878
Lobotus surinamensis (Bloch, 1790)

Common Name (s)
• Brown Triple Tail (English)
• Tripletail (English)
• Tripple Tail (English)
• Katkola (Gujarati)
• Naharidathimas (Mahl)
• Parrandee (Malayalam)
• Katkola (Marathi)
• Chota Bekkut (Oriya)
• Musalli (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, aquarium. Marketed fresh or frozen.)

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans, small fishes


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-17

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