Carangoides hedlandensis   (Whitley,  1934) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Max. size: 35 cm

Color: Body greenish blue above, silvery white below; 6 vertical bands on body, conspicuous in young, obscure in adults. First dorsal fin dusky; filamentous soft rays black, rest of soft dorsal fin yellow; pectoral and anal fins silvery; caudal fin yellowish green, dusky at tips; pectoral fin axil dusky. A black opercular spot present.

Body strongly compressed and very deep; head profile extremely steep, with a distinct break in the profile in the interorbital region. Upper jaw (maxilla) extending to below middle of eye. Teeth in jaws in narrow villiform bands. Gill rakers on first arch 6 to 11 + 14 to 17 (total 20 to 27). Two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with 1 procumbent spine (partially embedded in skin) and 8 normal spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 20 to 22 soft rays. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 16 to 18 soft rays; anterior soft rays of dorsal and anal fins strongly elevated and produced. Pectoral fins falcate. Scales small; breast naked, the naked area extending upto the pectoral fin base, but not above it, the hind margin area with a forward arch extending up to a little behind base of pelvic fin. Lateral line anteriorly with a moderate regular arch, joins lateral line straight below 13th or 14th soft dorsal ray; 17 to 29 feeble scutes on straight portion.


Synonym (s)
Carangoides hedlandensis (Whitley, 1934)
(Senior synonym)
Caranx hedlandensis (Whitley, 1934)
(Senior synonym)
Olistus hedlandensis Whitley, 1934
(Senior synonym)
Carangoides uii Sreenivasan (nec Wakiya), 1978
Carangoides hedlandensis Williams, Heemstra and Shameem, 1980

Common Name (s)
• Bumpnose Trevally (English)
• Onion Kingfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish; marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Coastal
Prey:  Small fishes and crustaceans

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 12.53) (Long: 92.82) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Colachel INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-25

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