Sargassum wightii   Greville,  1848 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order:Fucales
Family:Sargassaceae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Size: 20-30 cm.

Color: Dark brown, blackish when dry.

Plants with well marked discoidal holdfast. Upper portion richly branched, radially organized. Axes cylindrical, glabrous. Leaves broad or narrow, oblong or linear, measuring 5-8 cm in length and 2-9 mm in breadth, margins a little sinuate, dentate or more or less entire; tapering at base and apex; midrib inconspicuous, with few cryptostomata occurring on either sides of it. Vesicles large, spherical or ellipsoidal, being 5-8 mm long and 3-4 mm broad, stipe of the vesicles 5-7 mm long, seldom ending into a long tip.

Receptacles branched, cylindrical. Antheridial and oogonial conceptacles distinct, borne on separate receptacles.


Synonym (s)
Sargassum wightii Greville in J. Agardh, 1848
Sargassum (Sargassum) wightii Greville, 1848

Common Name (s)
• Kattaikkorai (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Ecosystem balance
(Human & animal food; used as fertilizer; suitable as biosorbent; source of iodine, vitamine-C, protein & mineral; used as medicine (for goiter & other glandular troubles, antibacterial and antitumor); antioxidant properties; source of alginic acid, mannitol, tannins, phenols, alginate and Kcl.
Suitable as bioindicators of heavy metals; used as substitute of sugar. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Eruvadi INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.17) (Long: 77.74) INDIA (Record: 12/2003, 31/12/2004)
• Tamil Nadu, Pudumadam Coast (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 07/2007, 08/2007)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudumadam Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudumadam INDIA (Record: 1986-1988)
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram Coast (Lat: 9.41) (Long: 79.25) INDIA (Record: 02/2004, 06/2006)
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• BANGLADESH
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur Coast INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Kerala, Alleppey INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arockiapuram Coast (Lat: 8.10) (Long: 77.57) INDIA (Record: 09/1995-11/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.71) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai-Dhanushkodi INDIA (Record: 12/1990-01/1991)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.26) (Long: 79.11) INDIA
• Kerala, Kovalam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rangat Bay INDIA (Record: 01/1978-04/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA (Record: 01/1978-04/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Stewart Island INDIA (Record: 01/1978-04/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Katchall INDIA (Record: 01/1978-04/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nancowry INDIA (Record: 01/1978-04/1978)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Pudumadam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Tuticorin INDIA (Record: 12/1958-05/1959) (Depth: 13-16 mts)
• Tamil Nadu , Kovalam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muttam INDIA
• Kerala INDIA (Record: 08/1986-05/1987)
• Karnataka, Bhatkal INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.73) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam (Lat: 8.4) (Long: 76.93) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Karnataka INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA

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