Myrionema strangulans   Carmichael ex Greville,  1827 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order:Ectocarpales
Family:Chordariaceae

Image copyrights: Finavarra, Co. Clare

Epiphytic on Ulva

Description
Color: Dark brown

Brown color results from the dominance of the xanthophyll fucoxanthin; this masks the other pigments, Chlorophyll a and c (no chlorophyll b), beta-carotene and other xanthophylls. Basal endophytic portion single layered, composed of branched filaments, cells of the filaments 16-20 µ long and 12-14 µ broad, richly provided with chromatophores, irregular in shape. Cells frequently forming rhizoids. Erect system consisting of assimilatory filaments clavate in shape, possessing cylindrical cells rich in chromatophores. Hairs sheathed, narrow at the base, broad above. Cells barrel shaped in the lower region of the hairs, considerably longer above, 20-40 µ and 8-10 µ broad. Intercalary meristem of the assimilators and hairs situated at the bases.

Plurilocular sporangia arising from the cells of the basal system, lying adjacent to the assimilators and the hairs, cylindrical to oblong, sessile or shortly pedicellate, 40-80 µ long and 15-23 µ broad.

Plants forming round, epiphytic patches on Enteromorpha or Ulva.


Synonym (s)
Phyllactidium maculiforme Kutzing, 1843
Myrionema maculiforme Kutzing, 1845
(Heterotypic synonym)
Myrionema punctiforme Harvey, 1833
(Heterotypic synonym)
Ulonema rhizophorum Foslie, Levring, 1937
Linckia punctiforme Lyngbye, 1819
(Heterotypic synonym)
Myrionema leclancherii (Chauvin) Harvey, 1846
(Heterotypic synonym)
Myrionema punctiforme (Lyngbye) Areschoug, 1847
(Heterotypic synonym)
Myrionema vulgare Thuret, 1863
(Heterotypic synonym)
Myrionema vulgare var. maculaeformis (Kutzing) Piccone, 1889
(Heterotypic synonym)
Phaeosphaerium punctiforme (Lyngbye) Kjellman, 1890
(Heterotypic synonym)
Myrionema intermedium Foslie, 1894
(Heterotypic synonym)
Myrionema strangulans var. punctiforme (Harvey) Lily Newton, 1931
(Heterotypic synonym)
Myrionema strangulans Greville, 1827

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Porbandar (Lat: 21.63) (Long: 69.6) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Mishra, JN (1966) Phaeophyceae in India ICAR 203 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-09-20

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