Gracilaria fergusonii [Status Unaccepted]   J. Agardh,  1901 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Gracilariales
Family:Gracilariaceae

Description
Size: Upto 12 cm in height

Color: Red or purple

Thalli are erect. There are several fronds arising in tufts from a discoid holdfast. The main axis is unbranched in the proximal portion and more branched in the central and distal regions of the thallus. The repeated dichotomous branching in distal part gives the appearance of a flabellate to fastigiated crown. The apex is rounded, often sub capitate. Growth of the thallus is by an apical cell and the thallus is uniaxial in construction. The holdfast of alga in vertical section shows a number of uniseriate, occasionally branched filaments which are arranged in a parallel manner.

Cystocarps are dome-shaped, ostiolate and scattered over the mature parts of the thallus with multilayered pericarp and the cells are all clearly arranged in anticlinal radial rows with secondary pit connections. The gonimoblast filaments are with large, radially elongated thin-walled cells. The carpospores are produced sympodially, spherical to ovate and 13-23 µm x 9.6-12 µm in size. Some of the gonimoblast cells produce tubular cells called gonimonema. Krishnamurthy and Rajendran (1987) studied the nature of the “connecting filament” or “nutritive filament” in several South Indian species of Gracilaria and proposed this new term “gonimonema”. The tetrasporangia are ovate measuring 26-32 x 13-15 µm and scattered in the outer cortical region. The tetrasporangia are cruciately divided.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Yields agar)

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari (Lat: 8.08) (Long: 77.57) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur (Lat: 8.48) (Long: 78.12) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.17) (Long: 77.74) INDIA (Record: 00/12/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari Coast INDIA (Record: 00/06/2001, 00/01/2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Arockiapuram Coast (Lat: 8.10) (Long: 77.57) INDIA (Record: 09/1995-11/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.71) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchchendur (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 78.13) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.73) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam (Lat: 8.4) (Long: 76.93) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Krishnamurthy, V and Rajendran, NR (1987) Gonimonema, a structural feature of Gracilaria Seaweed Research and Utilization 10(1) 40071 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • James, JE (2008) Studies on the effects of tsunami on the algal vegetation at Idinthakarai coast, southeast Tamilnadu Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007. Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 30 35-37 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajasulochana, N; Baluswami, M; Parthasarathy, MDV and Krishnamurthy, V (2007) Morphological, histochemical and biochemical studies on Gracilaria fergusonii J. Agardh Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 29(1 & 2) 31-38 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roslin, AS; Rosakutty, PJ and Lazarus, S (1997) A study on the flora and fauna of Arockiapuram Coast of Tamil Nadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 55-61 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Selvaraj, R and Selvaraj, R (1997) Distribution and diversity of seaweeds in Tiruchendur and Idinthakarai Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 115-123 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • SreekalaDevi, R.; James, J.E.; Babu, S.S (2004) Distribution of marine macroalgae in Idinthakarai and Vizhinjam coasts - A comparative study. Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fisheries-623520, Tamil Nadu, India 26(1-2) 29-32. Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-10

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