Calothrix scopulorum   (Weber & Mohr) C. Agardh,  1824 (Cyanobacteria formerly Blue Green Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Cyanophyceae

Image copyrights: Ignacio Barbara

Size: Trichomes 8-15 ┬Ám in diameter.

Plants forming a velvety, expanded, olive-green turf to a height of about 1 mm, tapering to a hair tip; Filaments epiphytic, single or in group, slightly bent, gradually or little attenuated tpwards apices; Cells isodiametric or shorter than the diameter; Cell contents light blue green, homogenous with granules and gas vacuoles distributed irregularly; Cell wall smooth, thick; Sheath thick, hyaline, firm, unlamellated, yellowish-brown; heterocysts one to three in a series, basal.

Synonym (s)
Conferva scopulorum Weber & Mohr, 1804
(Homotypic synonym)
Oscillatoria scopulorum (Weber & Mohr) C. Agardh, 1812
(Homotypic synonym)
Lyngbya scopulorum (Weber & Mohr) Zanardini, 1843
(Homotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine


• Tamil Nadu, Mutupet Mangrove (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA (Record: 2002-2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, North Bay INDIA (Record: 21/03/1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Basson, PW (1979) Marine algae of the Arabian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia Botanica Marina 22 65-82 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hussain, MI and Khoja, TM (1993) Intertidal and subtidal blue green algal mats of open and mangrove areas in the Farasan Archipelago (Saudi Arabia), Red Sea Botanica Marina 36 377-388 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at -
  • Sudha, SS; Panneerselvam, A and Thajuddin, N (2007) Seasonal variation of cyanobacteria at Muthupet mangrove environs, Tamilnadu, South India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 29(1 & 2) 263-271 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Humm, HJ and Wicks, SR (1980) Introduction and guide to the Marine bluegreen algae A Wiley-Interscience Publication, John Wiley and Sons 194 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srivastava, MN (1996) Extended distribution of rare marine blue green algae from Andaman islands Journal of Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Central Agricultural Research Institute, Andaman, India 12 (1-2) 18-22 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-10

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