Chondria armata   (Kutzing) Okamura,  1907 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Ceramiales
Family:Rhodomelaceae

Description
Color: Pinkish red changing into dark brown on drying

Thalli dendritic, up to 4 cm high, attaching by thick, stunted, root-like branches. Stipe short, thick, firm and cylindrical 2-3 mm in diameter giving rise to numerous slender branches. Branches naked below and densely covered with short ramuli in the upper portion. Structurally, medulla composed of 5 peripheral cells surrounding the axial cell.


Synonym (s)
Lophura armata Kutzing, 1866
(Homotypic synonym)
Rhodomela crassicaulis Harvey ex Svedelius, 1906
(Heterotypic synonym)
Chondria armata var. plumaris Borgesen, 1932
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Used for food and in medicine as anthelmintic. Glycolipids extracted possess antimicrobial (vermifuge, antibacterial) properties; new bromotriterpene polyethers. New bromotriterpene polyethers, a novel long chain fatty ester, pentyl hentriacontanoate 1 and an orange red pigment, caulerpin 2 are extracted from this alga. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Chowara Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudumadam Coast (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 07/2007, 08/2007)
• MYANMAR
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• MAURITIUS
• MOZAMBIQUE
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur Coast INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Gujarat, Adatra Reef INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka, Honavar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka, Bhatkal INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2005-2006)
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-12-14

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