Trichodesmium erythraeum   Ehrenberg,  1830 (Cyanobacteria formerly Blue Green Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Bacteria
Phylum:Cyanobacteria
Class: Cyanophyceae
Order:Oscillatoriales
Family:Phormidiaceae

Image copyrights: S. Kranz

Description
Color: Purplish red or yellowish brown

Trichomes straight, parallel, 7-11 µm in diameter, apices gradually tapering. Cells 5.4-11 µm in length, cross walls constricted, apical cells with depressed conical or convex calyptra. Cell content coarsely granular.

Remark: Causes "red tide"


Synonym (s)
Trichodesmium erythraeum Ehrenberg, 1830
(Heterotypic synonym)
Oscillaria erythraea (Ehrenberg) Kutzing, 1843
(Heterotypic synonym)
Trichodesmium ehrenbergii Montagne, 1844
(Heterotypic synonym)
Oscillatoria erythraea (Ehrenberg) Geitler, 1932
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(It is a Harmful species)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Estuary (Lat: 13.01) (Long: 80.28) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar River INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA (Record: 11/1979-10/1980)
• Orissa, Gopalpur (Lat: 19.1) (Long: 84.93) INDIA (Record: 02/2004-01/2005)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram, Periakadavu INDIA (Record: 04/2000-03/2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove INDIA (Record: 04/1980-03/1982)
• INDIA
• Karnataka, Mangalore INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo (Lat: 11.5) (Long: 79.98) INDIA (Record: 02/1962, 03/1962)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangroves (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kaduviyar estuary INDIA (Record: 10/2005-09/2006)
• Karnataka, North Kanara Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Coleroon Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Keelakarai INDIA
• Andaman Sea INDIA (Record: 03/2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Orissa, Rushikulya Estuary (Lat: 19.37) (Long: 85.05) INDIA (Record: 11/01/1989-12/01/1989)
• East Coast (Lat: 10) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-08/2002)
• East Coast (Lat: 21) (Long: 94) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-08/2002)

Literature Source(s)
  • Anand, N; Mohan, E; Hopper, RSS and Subramanian, TD (1986) Taxonomic studies on blue green algae from certain marine environments Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fishereies-623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 9(1-2) 49-56 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hussain, MI and Khoja, TM (1993) Intertidal and subtidal blue green algal mats of open and mangrove areas in the Farasan Archipelago (Saudi Arabia), Red Sea Botanica Marina 36 377-388 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Madhav, GV and Kondalarao, B (2004) Distribution of phytoplankton in the coastal waters of east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 33(3) 262-268 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/1678/1/IJMS%2033%283%29%20262-268.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Panigrahy, RC; Mishra, S; Sahu, G and Mohanty, AK (2006) Seasonal distribution of phytoplankton in the surf waters off Gopalpur, east coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 48(2) 156-160 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Nedumaran, T; Thillairajasekar, K and Perumal, P (2008) Mangrove associated cyanobacteria at Pichavaram, Tamilnadu Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 77-85 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Chandrasekaran, VS (2000) Relationship between plankton and finfish and shellfish juveniles in Pichavaram mangrove waterways, south east coast of India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu 22 (1 & 2) 199-207 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnan, AA; Krishnakumar, PK and Rajagopalan, M (2006) Trichodesmium erythraeum (Ehrenberg) bloom along the southwest coast of India (Arabian Sea) and its impact on trace metal concentrations in seawater Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 71(3-4) 641-646 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2006.09.012
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1614/2/Setting_Biodiversity_Conserv_Priorities_India_2000_1_104.pdf
  • Devassy, VP; and Goes, JI (1988) Phytoplankton Community Structure and Succession in a Tropical Estuarine Complex (Central West Coast of India) Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Academic Press 27(6) 671-685 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0272-7714(88)90074-1
  • Krishnamurthy, K Nitrogen and phosphorus in Plankton Hydrobiologia Springer 30(2) 273-280 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00034597
  • Kannan, L and Vasantha, K (1992) Microphytoplankton of the Pitchavaram mangals, southeast coast of India: species composition and population density Hydrobiologia Springer 247 77-86 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00008206
  • Krishnamurthy, K (1965) Seasonal variation in the plankton of Porto Novo waters (India) Hydrobiologia Springer 29(1-2) 226-238 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/n81g3x442qg28ljn/fulltext.pdf
  • Perumal, NV; Rajkumar, M; Perumal, P and Rajasekar, KT (2009) Seasonal variations of plankton diversity in the Kaduviyar estuary, Nagapattinam, southeast coast of India Journal of Environmental Biology Academy of Environmental Biology 30(6) 1035-1046 Available at - www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200911_nov09/paper_19.pdf
  • Ramamurthy, S. (1965) Studies on the plankton of the North Kanara coast in relation to the pelagic fishery Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 7 (1) 127-149 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/894/1/Article_13.pdf
  • Subrahmanyan, R and Sarma, AHV (1960) Studies on the phytoplankton of the west coast of India Part III. Seasonal variation of the phytoplankters and environmental factors Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of fisheries for the Indian council of Agricultural research, Cochin, India 7 (2) 307-336 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1899/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Rajasekar, KT; Rajkumar, M; Jun, SUN; Prabu, VA and Perumal, P (2010) Bloom Forming Species of Phytoplankton in Two Coastal Waters in the Southeast Coast of India Journal of Ocean University of China 9(3) 265-272 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/t286n7u33j37u06w/fulltext.pdf
  • Anantharaman, P; Thirumaran, G; Arumugam, R; Kannan, RR; Hemalatha, A; Kannathasan, A; Sampathkumar, P and Balasubramanian, T (2010) Monitoring of Noctiluca bloom in Mandapam and Keelakarai coastal waters, southeast coast of India Recent Research in Science and Technology 2(10) 51-58 Available at - http://recent-science.com/article/viewFile/4386/2174
  • Jyothibabu, R; Madhu, NV; Maheswaran, PA; Nair, KKC; Venugopal, P and Balasubramanian, T (2003) Dominance of dinoflagellates in micro-zooplankton community in the oceanic regions of the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea Current Science Indian Academy of Sciences 84(9) 1247-1253 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/294
  • AWI (Alfred Wegener Institute) Available at - http://www.awi.de/en/home/
  • Tseng, CK (Ed.) (1983) Common seaweeds of China Science Press 316 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Humm, HJ and Wicks, SR (1980) Introduction and guide to the Marine bluegreen algae A Wiley-Interscience Publication, John Wiley and Sons 194 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajkumar, M; Perumal, P; Prabu, VA; Perumal, NV and Rajasekar, KT (2009) Phytoplankton diversity in Pichavaram mangrove waters from south-east coast of India Journal of Environmental Biology Triveni Enterprises 30(4) 489-498 Available at - http://www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200907_jul09/paper_04.pdf
  • Gouda, R and Panigrahy, RC (1989) Diurnal variation of phytoplankton in Rushikulya estuary, east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18(4) 246-250 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-03-14

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