Gymnothamnion elegans   (Schousboe ex C. Agardh) J. Agardh,  1892 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Ceramiales
Family:Ceramiaceae

Image copyrights: Ignacio Barbara

Description
Plants to 1-4 cm long or intertwined to form a thin mat over the substratum, generally showing rhizomatous axes bearing erect pinnate branches 0.8-5.0 mm tall, with descending rhizoids opposite these. The main erect axes 20-25 µ diameter, the cells 2-5 diameters long, subcylindrical or somewhat clavate, bearing the branchlets at the forward end. Branchlets opposite in pairs, 10-15 µ diameter, sometimes reduced or absent sometimes alternating 90° in position in succeeding nodes. On well developed or erect branches regularly distichously pinnate and plumose, the pinnae somewhat ascending, about 60-210 µ long, often regularly again pinnate on the upper side only, or secund, varying greatly from the plumose to very irregular forms on the same plant. Sporangia tetrahedral, spherical or somewhat ovoid, 30-35 µ diameter.


Synonym (s)
Callithamnion elegans Schousboe ex C. Agardh, 1828
(Homotypic synonym)
Gymnothamnion bipinnatum Collins & Hervey, 1917
(Heterotypic synonym)
Plumaria schouboei (Bornet) Schmitz, 1896
(Heterotypic synonym)
Plumaria ramosa Yamada & Tanaka, 1934
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur (Lat: 8.48) (Long: 78.12) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari (Lat: 8.08) (Long: 77.57) INDIA
• INDIA
• SEYCHELLES

Literature Source(s)
  • Subramamian, B (1985) An annotated list of ceramiaceous algae (Rhodophyta) of Tiruchendur coast, south India Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fishereies-623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 7(2) 71-83 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, CSP (1970) On the germination of tetraspores of Gymnothamnion elegans (Schousboe) J. Ag. in nature Botanica marina Cram,De, Gruyter and Co. Hamburg, Germany 13 23-24 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Stegenga, H and Bolton, JJ (1992) Ceramiaceae (Rhodophyta) of the Cape province, South Africa: Distribution in relation to concepts of marine provinces Botanica Marina 35 99-107 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Anderson, RJ and Stegenga, H (1989) Subtidal algal communities at Bird Island, Eastern Cape, South Africa Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 32 299-311 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at - http://www.eol.org/
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Taylor, WR (1972) Marine algae of the eastern tropical and subtropical coasts of the Americas University of Michigan Press 870 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-03-30

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