Cystoseira trinodis   (Forskal) C. Agardh,  1820 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order:Fucales
Family:Sargassaceae

Description
Size:30-50cm in height.

Color: Dark-brown or Brown.

Thallus form and type: Remiform and bushy

Substratum: Intertidal rocks, coralline stones

Occurrence: Lower mid littoral zone

Season: November-April

Abundance: Dense

Plants without spiny appendages or receptacles; vesicles in chains of more than two;basal portion composed of a thick prostrate rhizomatous holdfast; upper portion composed of a short cylindrical main axis usually giving rise to five primary branches of unlimited growth; primary branches richly provided with secondary short laterals which bear closely set ultimate branchlets; branches modified into vesicles or richly branched receptacles; axes of the plants richly covered with spiny processes; leaves mainly confined to the lower portion of the main axis and to the primary branches; leaves large, 4-5 cm long and 3-5 mm broad, linear, margins entire and apices more or less round.


Synonym (s)
Cystophyllum muricatum (C. Agardh) J. Agardh, 1848
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cystophyllum muricatum Silva et al., 1996
(Other)
Cystophyllum muricatum var. binode (Kutzing) De Toni, 1895
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cystophyllum muricatum var. virgatum (Endlicher & Diesing) J. Agardh, 1848
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cystophyllum nothum Grunow in Askenasy, 1888
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cystophyllum onustum (Mertens) J. Agardh, 1848
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cystophyllum trinode (Forsskal) J. Agardh, 1848
(Homotypic synonym)
Cystoseira muricata C. Agardh, 1820
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cystoseira virgata Endlicher & Diesing, 1845
(Heterotypic synonym)
Fucus muricatus Turner, 1808
(Heterotypic synonym)
Fucus onustus Mertens, 1819
(Heterotypic synonym)
Fucus trinodis Forsskal, 1775
(Homotypic synonym)
Sargassum onustum (Mertens) C. Agardh, 1820
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sirophysalis binodis Kutzing, 1860
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sirophysalis muricata (C. Agardh) Kutzing, 1843
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sirophysalis virgata (Endlicher & Diesing) Kutzing, 1849
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Mani Pasi (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Yields algin)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Coast (Lat: 18.17) (Long: 66.17) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mahabalipuram (Lat: 12.63) (Long: 80.17) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.29) (Long: 79.21) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island, Galaxea reef INDIA (Record: 1940-1950)
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA (Record: 1996-1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Ervadi INDIA (Record: 1996-1999)
• BAHRAIN
• INDIA
• KUWAIT
• MADAGASCAR
• MAURITIUS
• MOZAMBIQUE
• OMAN
• PAKISTAN
• SAUDI ARABIA
• SOUTH AFRICA
• SRI LANKA
• TANZANIA
• YEMEN
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.71) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Port INDIA (Record: 05/2004, 04/2005)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Shunula, JP (1985) A preliminary checklist of Phaeophyta and Rhodophyta of economic importance on five shores of Zanzibar Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fishereies-623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 7(2) Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mohan, JM (1978) Ecological studies on the fauna associated with economic seaweeds of south India-1. species composition, feeding habits and interrelationships Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Tamil Nadu 3 17 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Basson, PW; Mohamed, SA and Arora, DK (1989) A survey of the benthic marine algae of Bahrain Botanica Marina 32 27-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Schils, T; Coppejans, E; Verbruggen, H; Clerck, OD and Leliaert, F (2004) The marine flora of Rodrigues (Republic of Mauritius, Indian Ocean): An island with low habitat diversity or one in the process of colonisation? Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis 38 3059-3076
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bolton, JJ; Oyieke, HA and Gwada, P (2007) The seaweeds of Kenya: Checklist, history of seaweed study, coastal environment, and analysis of seaweed diversity and biogeography South African Journal of Botany 73 76-88 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Phang, SM (2006) Seaweed resources in Malaysia: Current status and future prospects 9(2) 185-202 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wall, F (1910) A popular treatise on the common Indian snakes Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society BNHS Part XIII with 65-79
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2008) The algal flora of Krusadai Island- It's past status and present decay Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007. Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries-623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 30 13-17 Available at - NIO Goa
  • Ramalingam, JR; Kaliaperumal, N and Kalimuthu, S (2000) Seaweed exploitation in India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu 22 (1 & 2) 75-80 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Venkataraman, K and Wafar, M (2005) Coastal and marine biodiversity of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 34(1) 57-75 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kaliaperumal, N and Kalimuthu, S (1997) Seaweed potential and its exploitation in India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 33-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Selvaraj, R and Selvaraj, R (1997) Distribution and diversity of seaweeds in Tiruchendur and Idinthakarai Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 115-123 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Kalimuthu, S; Ramalingam, JR. (1995) Economically important Seaweeds Special publication number 62 CMFRI 1-36 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3476/1/Special_Publication_No_62.pdf
  • Thakur, MC; Reddy, CRK and Jha, B (2008) Seasonal variation in biomass and species composition of seaweeds stranded along Port Okha, northwest coast of India Journal of Earth System Science Springer 117(3) 211–218 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/t71wx618175657h3/fulltext.pdf
  • Kaliaperumal, N and Pandian, G (1984) Marine algal flora from some localities of south Tamil nadu coast Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 26(1&2) 159-164 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR (1987) Distribution of the important Indian marine algae Seaweed research and utilization in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 41 100-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8209/1/Bulletin_No_41.pdf
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-04

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