Neogoniolithon fosliei   (Heydrich) Setchell & L. R. Mason,  1943 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Corallinales
Family:Corallinaceae

Image copyrights: Science Press

Description
Color: Pink-purple

Thalli crustaceous, firmly adherent to the substrata. Individual crust about 1.5 mm thick, overlapping crusts up to 5 mm thick, surface smooth with prominent conical conceptacles. Hypothallium coaxial, rather thick, 70-130 µm high, 9-13 µm thick, hypothallial cells sub-rectangular 15-40 µm long, 10-15 µm diameter. Perithallium composed of cells with quite different sizes and forms, some being subquadrate 10-15 µm diameter, some sub-rectangular 10-24 µm high, 9-13 µm diameter. Epithallium composed of one layer of sub-elliptical cells, 4-5 µm high, 6-10 µm diameter, fusion of 2-3 cells between adjacent filaments quite common. Heterocysts arranged in vertical rows of 4-12 sub-rectangular cells, 10-23 (-35) µm high, 18-30 µm diameter. Tetrasporangial conceptacles conical, 700-900 µm inside diameter, uniporic, tetrasporangia on entire floor of conceptacle, 90-100 µm long, 45-50 µm diameter.


Synonym (s)
Lithothamnium fosliei Heydrich, 1897
Archeolithothamnion fosliei (Heydrich) Foslie, 1898
(Homotypic synonym)
Lithothamnion fosliei Heydrich, 1897
(Homotypic synonym)
Neogoniolithon solubile (Foslie & M. A. Howe) Setchell & Mason, 1943
(Heterotypic synonym)
Paragoniolithon solubile (Foslie & M. A. Howe) Adey, Townsend & Boykins, 1982
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• MALDIVES
• INDONESIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Krishnamurthy, V and Jayagopal, K (1987) Studies on the crustose coralline algae of the Tamilnadu coast V. Mastophoroideae: The genus Neogoniolithon and general discussion on crustose coralline algae Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fishereies-623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 10(2) 137-160 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Tseng, CK (Ed.) (1983) Common seaweeds of China Science Press 316 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-04-04

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