Hydrolithon reinboldii   (Weber-van Bosse & Foslie) Foslie,  1909 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Corallinales
Family:Corallinaceae

Image copyrights: Keoki and Yuko Stender

Description
Color: Pale with purplish tinge when dried

Thalli crustaceous, firmly adherent to substrata, soon becoming massive and developing rounded, densely crowded and anastomosing excrescences, often free and tending to form rounded balls or nodules, 5-10 cm diameter, hypothallium composed of single layer of vertically or anticlinally elongated cells, 15-25 µm long, 10-15 µm diameter, perithallium composed of many layers of irregularly rounded or angular cells 16-25 µm in diameter, epithallium composed of unilayer of flattened cells. Heterocyst prominent, but comparatively rare, ellipsoidal, about 37 µm long. Cell fusions between adjacent filaments quite common. Sporangia bisporic, bisporangia 60-80 µm long, growing on the entire floor of conceptacle, conceptacles uniporic, (170-) 230-280 µm diameter.


Synonym (s)
Goniolithon reinboldii (Weber-van Bosse & Foslie) Weber-van Bosse & Foslie in Foslie, 1904
Lithophyllum reinboldii Weber-van Bosse & Foslie in Foslie, 1901
Porolithon reinboldii (Weber-van Bosse & Foslie) Lemoine, 1911
(Homotypic synonym)
Spongites reinboldii (Weber-van Bosse & Foslie, 1988)
Hydrolithon reinboldii (Weber-van Bosse & Foslie) Foslie, 1909

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA (Record: 09/02/1982)
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.29) (Long: 79.21) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• MALDIVES
• MAURITIUS
• SEYCHELLES
• SRI LANKA

Literature Source(s)
  • Krishnamurthy, V and Jayagopal, K (1987) Studies on the crustose coralline algae of the Tamilnadu coast IV. Mastophoroidae. The genera Porolithon, Hydrolithon and Pneophyllum Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fishereies-623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 10(1) 81-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Schils, T; Coppejans, E; Verbruggen, H; Clerck, OD and Leliaert, F (2004) The marine flora of Rodrigues (Republic of Mauritius, Indian Ocean): An island with low habitat diversity or one in the process of colonisation? Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis 38 3059-3076
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bolton, JJ; Oyieke, HA and Gwada, P (2007) The seaweeds of Kenya: Checklist, history of seaweed study, coastal environment, and analysis of seaweed diversity and biogeography South African Journal of Botany 73 76-88 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Stender, GK and Stender, YO Marinelifephotography.com Available at - http://www.marinelifephotography.com/
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Tseng, CK (Ed.) (1983) Common seaweeds of China Science Press 316 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-04-04

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