Porolithon onkodes   (Heydrich) Fosile,  1909 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Corallinales
Family:Corallinaceae

Image copyrights: William H. Magruder and Jeffrey W. Hunt

Description
Color: Pink, grey-yellow to yellow-brown with purplish tinge.

Thalli crustaceous, firmly adherent to substratum. Crust 0.9-3 mm or more thick. Hypothallium composed of 3 to several layers of rectangular cells, 14-20 µm long, 2-10 µm diameter. Cells of perithallium subquadrate, ovate to subrectangular, 4-12 µm diameter. Epithallium single layered.

In vertical section heterocysts arranged in horizontal rows of 4-11 cells, 25-45 µm high, 7-17 µm diameter. Cell fusion common between adjacent filaments in hypothallium and perithallium. Tetrasporangial conceptacles slightly convex, 150-210 µm inside diameter, uniporic, tetraspores borne on the periphery of sporangial conceptacle floor.


Synonym (s)
Lithophyllum onkodes (Heydrich) Fosile, 1907
Lithophyllum onkodes Heydrich, 1897
Lithothamnium onkodes (Heydrich) Heydrich, 1897

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.2) INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Krishnamurthy, V and Jayagopal, K (1987) Studies on the crustose coralline algae of the Tamilnadu coast IV. Mastophoroidae. The genera Porolithon, Hydrolithon and Pneophyllum Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fishereies-623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 10(1) 81-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Tseng, CK (Ed.) (1983) Common seaweeds of China Science Press 316 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Magruder, WH and Hunt, JW (1999) Seaweeds of Hawaii Available at - http://www.coralreefnetwork.com/marlife/stepath/Default.htm

Page last updated on:2011-04-05

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