Caulerpa mexicana   Sonder ex Kutzing,  1849 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Bryopsidophyceae

Image copyrights: Ria tan

Color: Dark green

Frond erect, resembling flattened feathers; highly variable; grass-green; unbranched or occasionally branched; branchlets opposite, flattened, upcurved, apices tapering, pointed, base narrows into flat, broad midrib. Rhizome naked, stoloniferous, creeping, fronds in one plane, simple or branched. Rhizoids delicate, branched. Assimilators erect, simple or branched, pinnate, central axis compressed 1-1.25 mm broad, pinnules ascending, distichous, opposite, compressed laterally, sickle shaped, incurved, constricted at base, apex mucronate, 4-7 mm long, 1-4 mm broad.

Synonym (s)
Caulerpa crassifolia (C. Agardh) J. Agard, 1873
Caulerpa crassifolia forma mexicana (Sonder ex Kutzing) J. Agardh, 1873
Caulerpa pinnata Greville, 1853
(Misapplied name)
Caulerpa pinnata f. mexicana (Sonder ex Kutzing) Weber-van Bosse, 1898
Caulerpa crassifolia forma pectinata (Kutzing) Collins, 1909
Caulerpa pectinata Kutzing, 1849
Caulerpa pinnata forma pectinata (Kutzing) Weber-van, 1898
Caulerpa mexicana Sonder ex Kutzing, 1849
Caulerpa taxifolia var. crassifolia C. Agardh, 1823

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Gujarat, Port Okha (Lat: 22.47) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.29) (Long: 79.21) INDIA
• Kerala, Tangasseri INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• Kerala, Thirumullavaram INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• Kerala, Neendakara INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• Kerala, Ashtamudi Estuary INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Waltair INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Duraiswamy, R Studies on Caulerpa Lamouroux from India II 56-85 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Wynne, MJ and Jupp, BP (1998) The benthic marine algal flora of the Sultanate of Oman: new records Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter 41 40008 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at -
  • Jassund, E (1977) Marine algae in Tanzania VIII Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 20 509-520 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Saad, MAH (1984) Proceedings of the Symposium on Coral Reef environment of the Red Sea King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia 1-681 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Bolton, JJ; Oyieke, HA and Gwada, P (2007) The seaweeds of Kenya: Checklist, history of seaweed study, coastal environment, and analysis of seaweed diversity and biogeography South African Journal of Botany 73 76-88 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Schils, T and Eric, C (2003) Spatial variation in subtidal plant communities around the Socotra Archipelago and their biogeographic affinities within the Indian Ocean Marine Ecology Progress Series 251 103-114 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Eric, C; Frederik, L;, Heroen, V; de Olivier, C; Tom, S; de Thomas, V and Marie, D (2004) The marine green and brown algae of Rodrigues (Mauritius, Indian Ocean) Journal of Natural History 38 2959-3020
  • Phang, SM (2006) Seaweed resources in Malaysia: Current status and future prospects 9(2) 185-202 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Sulekha, S and Panikkar, MVN (2006) Marine green algal flora of Kollam Coast, Kerala, South India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association and Suganthi Devadason Marine Research Institute 28(1) 5-21 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tan, R Wild fact sheets Available at -
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Littler, DS; Littler, MM and Brooks, BL (1995) Marine algae and seagrasses from the Tobacco Range Fracture Zone, Belize, C.A Atoll Research Bulletin Smithsonian Institution Press 429 1-43 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-03

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