Tolypiocladia glomerulata   (C. Agardh) F. Schmitz,  1897 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Florideophyceae

Color: Dark brownish red

Thalli soft and membranous, erect, fine, filiform, 10-20 cm high, laterally branched tetrasiphonous, forming a large intricate mass, entangled with various algae. Main axis alternately branched. The branches with spirally arranged apinulose determinate branchlets. Ultimate branchlets or glomerules irregularly arranged and borne by a determinate one, also emitting one to many celled hair-like root-fibers at its tip-end. Tetrasporangia on the ultimate branchlets, tetrahedrally divided.

Synonym (s)
Polysiphonia calacantha Harvey, 1860
(Heterotypic synonym)
Polysiphonia glomerulata (C. Agardh) Sprengel, 1827
(Homotypic synonym)
Hutchinsia glomerulata C. Agardh, 1824
(Homotypic synonym)
Vertebrata glomerulata (C. Agardh) Kuntze, 1891
(Homotypic synonym)
Tolypiocladia glomerulata (C. Agardh) Schmitz in Schmitz & Falkenberg, 1897
Roschera glomerulata (C. Agardh) Weber-van Bosse, 1913
(Homotypic synonym)
Sphacelaria cupressina Harvey, 1834
(Heterotypic synonym)
Polysiphonia inflata G. Martens, 1868
(Heterotypic synonym)
Polysiphonia calacantha Harvey, 1859

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Rocky, Coastal


• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island (Lat: 7.24) (Long: 93.74) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island, Galaxea reef INDIA (Record: 1940-1950)
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar Island INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at -
  • Wynne, MJ and Jupp, BP (1998) The benthic marine algal flora of the Sultanate of Oman: new records Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter 41 40008 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jassund, E (1977) Marine algae in Tanzania VI Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 20 405-414 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Clerk, OD; Coppejans, E; Schils,T; Verbruggen, H; Leliaert, F; Vriese, DT and Marie, D (2004) The marine red algae of Rodrigues (Mauritius, Indian Ocean) Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis 38 3021-3057 Available at -
  • Bolton, JJ; Oyieke, HA and Gwada, P (2007) The seaweeds of Kenya: Checklist, history of seaweed study, coastal environment, and analysis of seaweed diversity and biogeography South African Journal of Botany 73 76-88 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Phang, SM (2006) Seaweed resources in Malaysia: Current status and future prospects 9(2) 185-202 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2008) The algal flora of Krusadai Island- It's past status and present decay Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007. Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries-623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 30 13-17 Available at - NIO Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tseng, CK (Ed.) (1983) Common seaweeds of China Science Press 316 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jagtap, T.G. (1992) Marine flora of Nicobar group of islands in Andaman Sea. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication & Information Resources 21(1) 56-58 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-12

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