Meristotheca papulosa   (Montagne) J. Agardh,  1872 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Gigartinales
Family:Solieriaceae

Description
Color: Purplish red

Thalli membranaceous, thin and lubricous in younger specimen, later becoming thick and fleshy, 20-30 cm high, divided into many broad segments in an irregularly dichotomous manner with round axils, becoming gradually narrower above and tapering below to a cuneate or sometimes cordate base with a short slender stem. Segments 1-5 cm broad; margins entire or with branched proliferations.

Structurally, medulla loose, filamentous, cortex pseudoparaenchymatous, the inner of larger cells, the outer of smaller cells in anticlinal rows. Tetrasporangia zonately divided and scattered among cortical cells. Cystocarps hemispherical on the sides of marginal processes or the surface of the frond.


Synonym (s)
Eucheuma papulosa (Montagne) A. D. Cotton & Yendo, 1914
(Homotypic synonym)
Kallymenia papulosa Montagne, 1850
(Homotypic synonym)
Meristotheca japonica Kylin, 1932
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Used for food (salad preparation in Japan))

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Coast (Lat: 22.23) (Long: 68.97) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• YEMEN
• Gujarat, Adri INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Wynne, MJ and Jupp, BP (1998) The benthic marine algal flora of the Sultanate of Oman: new records Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter 41 40008 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tseng, CK (Ed.) (1983) Common seaweeds of China Science Press 316 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-12

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