Sargassum carpophyllum   J. Agardh,  1848 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order:Fucales
Family:Sargassaceae

Description
Size: Height 15-25 cm.

Color: Brown

Plants slender, pyramidal in form, with a small discoidal holdfast. Upper portion radially organized, consisting of the primary axis giving rise to repeatedly branched filiform branches. Axes of the primary branches smooth, narrow, 0.5-1 mm thick. Leaves membranous, linear, lanceolate, margins serrate-dentate, midrib prominent, cryoptostomata richly present scattered on both surfaces. Leaves of the lower portion of the plants larger, 2-2.5 cm long and 2 mm broad; those of upper portion smaller and narrower 1-1.5 cm long and 1-2 mm broad. Vesicles stalked, spherical in shape, possessing cyptostomata on the surface.

Receptacles branched, terete, axillary, cylindrical, spindle-shaped, verrucose, older ones usually giving rise to a vesicle or leaf from one of the receptacular branch.


Synonym (s)
Sargassum flavicans var. moretonense Grunow, 1888
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sargassum flavicans var. moretonensis f. glaucophylla Grunow, 1915
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• West Coast, Malabar (Lat: 9.97) (Long: 76.23) INDIA
• Red Sea
• SRI LANKA
• BANGLADESH
• INDIA
• TANZANIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-09-21

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