Sargassum cinereum   J. Agardh,  1848 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order:Fucales
Family:Sargassaceae

Description
Thallus form and type: Foliose and bushy

Substratum: Intertidal rocks

Occurrence: Infra littoral fringe and sub littoral zone, tide pools

Season: November-April

Abundance: Dominant

Thalli covered by a cinerascent delicate rime, rather slender, main axes very short, bearing terete, smooth, primary branches at their upper parts, beset with secondary branches and branchlets. The basal leaves membranaceous, cuniform or wedge-shaped , oblong, about 2.5-3 cm long, 7-8 mm broad, rounded at the apices, midrib vanishing below the apices, dentate at the margins. Leaves of the branchlets lanceolate, 2-2.5 cm long, 3-4 mm broad, cuneate at the base, somewhat truncate at the tips, midribs vanished below the middle of the leaves, wavy or entire, sometimes with a few coarse teeth at the margins, cryptostomata scattered along both sides of the midribs. Vesicles spherical, about 4 mm diameter, obovate, rounded, usually mucronate at the apices, with pedicela foliaceous above, subcylindrical below.

Male receptacles cylindrical, wart-like or with a few teeth, female receptacles short, triquetrous, coarsely dentate on the surface of the receptacles, single or 2-3 together in short leafy and vesiculiferous racemes.


Synonym (s)
Sargassum cinereum forma berberifolioide Grunow, 1915
Sargassum (Sargassum) cinereum J. Agardh, 1848

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
(Used as a source of alginate, fertilizer and medicine. Bioactive.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• East Coast, Coromandel (Lat: 14) (Long: 80.17) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar (Lat: 14.83) (Long: 74.13) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Goa, Anjuna INDIA
• Goa, Vagator INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Kerala, Kollam Coast (Lat: 8.9) (Long: 76.63) INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka, Honavar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka, Bhatkal INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2005-2006)
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Shivrajpur INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Phang, SM (2006) Seaweed resources in Malaysia: Current status and future prospects 9(2) 185-202 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mishra, JN (1966) Phaeophyceae in India ICAR 203 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Divekar, RB; Kerkar, V (2008) Present status of seaweed diversity at Anjuna and Vagatore (Goa) Available at - Library Goa University, Goa
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tseng, CK (Ed.) (1983) Common seaweeds of China Science Press 316 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manilal, A; Sujith, S; Selvin, J; Kiran, GS; Shakir, C and Lipton, AP (2010) Antimicrobial potential of marine organisms collected from the southwest coast of India against multiresistant human and shrimp pathogens Scientia Marina CSIC 74(2) 287-296 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2010.74n2287
  • Untawale, AG; Reddy, CRK and Deshmukhe, GV (1989) Ecology of intertidal benthic algae of northern Karnataka coast Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18 73-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kaladharan, P; Zacharia, PU and Vijayakumaran, K (2011) Coastal and marine floral biodiversity along the Karnataka coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 53 (1) 121 - 129 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8710/1/121--129--P._Kaladharan.pdf
  • Kaladharan, P; Zacharia, PU and Vijayakumaran, K (2011) Coastal and Marine floral biodiversity along the Karnataka coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India 53(1) 121-129 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-04

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