Sargassum cinctum   J. Agardh,  1848 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order:Fucales
Family:Sargassaceae

Description
Blades lanceolate with sparcely serrate margin and obtuse apex.

Thallus form and type: Foliose and bushy

Substratum: Intertidal rocks

Occurrence: Infra littoral fringe and sub littoral zone, tide pools

Season: November-April

Abundance: Dominant

Plants dark brown in color, up to 50 cm long, arising from disc like holdfasts; primary branches terete but compressed near the nodes; leaves linear-lanceolate or ovate, 0.3-2.5 cm long, 3-7 mm broad, serrate with obtuse apices and asymmetrical bases, costate, vesicles oval with flat winged petioles and long leaf like apicules, receptacles 5-10 mm long in racemose branches, serrate, spiny, ancipate-triquatrous and twisted.


Synonym (s)
Carpacanthus cinctus (J. Agardh) G. Martens, 1868
(Homotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(The species of Sargassum are harvested from wild and used for alginate production in India. Another note worthy product from Sargassum in India is liquid seaweed fertilizer.)

Ecology

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Jalleshwar shore (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar (Lat: 21.63) (Long: 69.6) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Shivrajpur INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Subbaramaiah, K (1971) Distribution of marine organisms on the Jalleshwar shore, Veraval Seaweed Research and Utilization 1 19-29 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, PPS; Rao, PS and Karmarkar, SM (1991) Chemical investigation of Indian Phaeophyceae 3. Total sterol content from different species of Indian sargassum Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fishereies-623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 14(1) 15-19 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mehta, BR and Parekh, RG (1978) Mannitol content in brown algae of the coast of Saurashtra Botanica Marina Walta de Gruyter, Berlin 21 251-252 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ang, PO and Trono, GC (1987) The genus Sargassum (Phaeophyta, Sargassaceae) from Balibago, Calatagan, Philippines Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 30 387-397 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-04

Back to Search