Iyengaria stellata   (Borgesen) Borgesen,  1939 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order:Scytosiphonales
Family:Scytosiphonaceae

Description
Thallus form and type: Lobed with stellate or antler-like projection

Substratum: intertidal rocks, coralline stones

Occurrence: Lower mid littoral zone and infra littoral fringe, wave exposed rocks

Season: November-april

Abundance: dominant

Plants in very young stages smooth, globular in form, internally solid, composed of a single-layered peripheral or epidermal tissue consisting of consisting of short, closely packed, palisade-like cells with thin walls, possessing numerous chromatophores and covered by a thin cuticle-like layer. Subepidermal tissue composed of small, angular, tangentially flattened cells in the upper one or two layers; large and rather vertically elongated in the lower layers, cell walls slightly thicker, chromatophores few. Lower epidermis composed of bigger cells with more thickened walls, cells forming rhizoids. Surface of the mature thalli forming more or less stellate projections.
Epidermal cells of the projections narrower, sub-epidermal cells vertically elongated possessing a zonate arrangement in a young projection, in older projections the zonate arrangement of the cells of inner layers is lost. Cryptostomata occurring freely on the surface of the thallus.

Plants bearing only plurilocular sporangia, aggregated to form sori, arising from epidermal cells, projecting out, cylindrical in form and mostly uniseriate, sometimes biseriate.


Synonym (s)
Colpomenia capensis Levring, 1938
Colpomenia stellata (Borgesen) Borgesen, 1930
(Homotypic synonym)
Rosenvingea stellata Borgesen, 1928
(Homotypic synonym)
Colpomenia stellata Borgesen, 1930
Iyengaria stellata (Borgesen) Borgesen, 1939

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Dwarka Coast (Lat: 18.17) (Long: 66.17) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Port INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• INDIA
• KUWAIT
• PAKISTAN
• SAUDI ARABIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Hanumandandi Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Gujarat, Shivrajpur INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Usmanghani, K; Shameel, M; Siddiqui, S and Siddiqui, SA (1987) Studies on the fatty acids of Iyengaria stellata (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyta) Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 30 305-307 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rizvi, MA and Mustafa, S (2004) Studies on the bioactivity and elementology of marine algae from the coast of Karachi, Pakistan Phytotherapy Research Wiley InterScience 18 865-872 Available at - www.interscience.wiley.com
  • Kesava, CH and Indusekhar, VK (1984) Fluoride content of certain marine algae and seawater from Saurashtra coast Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 13 47-48 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2003) Seaweeds of the Central West Coast of India Bioinformatics Centre, National Institute of Oceanography Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/seaweeds/index.htm
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mishra, JN (1966) Phaeophyceae in India ICAR 203 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopalakrishnan, P (1970) Some observations on the shore ecology of the Okha Coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin, India 120(1&2) 15-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR (1987) Distribution of the important Indian marine algae Seaweed research and utilization in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 41 100-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8209/1/Bulletin_No_41.pdf
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-03

Back to Search