Heritiera kanikensis   Majumdar et Banerjee  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Equisetopsida

Medium sized trees, 5-7 m tall; pneumatophores many from roots at stem base. Leaves 4-10 x 2-5 cm, elliptic-lanceolate, obtuse or rarely acute at apex tapering towards base, upper surface glabrous, green, lower surface hairy with adpressed shining scales. Male flowers brownish-white, androgynophore 1 mm long; anther lobes 8, united to form a ring, crowned by a sterile rudimentary ovaries at apex. Female flowers with ca 1 mm long ellipsoid ovaries. Fruits globose, rough, 1.5-2 mm in diameter, without transverse circular ridge or apical crest.

Flowering and fruiting from May-August.

The species is closely allied to Heritiera fomes but is readily recognized from the other two species of Heritiera by its rough globose fruits devoid of any ridge and crest.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Sundari (Oriya)
• Kanika Sundari
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Wood is used in building fishing boats, making ploughs, in viscose rayon industry, for construction of canoes and as firewood.)

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer


• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Kathiresan, K and N, Rajendran (2005) Mangrove ecosystems of the Indian Ocean region Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Sciences, Communication and Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, India 34(1) 104-113 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Banerjee, LK; Sastry, RK and Nayar MP (1989) Mangroves in India: Identification manual Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Venkataraman, K and Wafar, M (2005) Coastal and marine biodiversity of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 34(1) 57-75 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at - http://www.mangroveindia.org
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kathiresan, K and Rajendran, N (2005) Grow mangroves for protecting coral reefs! Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 41-48 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-23

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