Ceriops decandra   (Griff.) Ding Hou  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Rhizophoraceae

Image copyrights: Teresa Zubi

Description
Glabrous shrubs or small trees, 2-4 m tall; bark light grey, peeling off into thin flakes; stem base pyramidal with many stilt roots. Leaves 4-10 x 2-6 cm, elliptic-oblong or obovate, emarginated at apex, cuneate at base. Flowers 3-4 mm across, white in axillary condensed cymes; calyx 5-6 merous, each 3-4 mm long; petals 5-6, each 2.5 mm long apex tipped with many ciliae. Hypocotyle 10-12 cm long, angular, sulcate. Fruits ovoid, conical.

Flowering and fruiting almost throughout the year (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka), February-September (West Bengal), February-November (Orissa), January-September (Tamil Nadu).

Ceriops decandra is distinguished from Ceriops tagal by its shrubby form, petals fringed with many ciliae and anther lobes than the filaments, shorter hypocotyl with ridges, tending to face upward.


Synonym (s)
Ceriops roxburghiana Arn.

Common Name (s)
• Goran (Bengali)
• Goran (Hindi)
• Gartah (Oriya)
• Chiru Kandal (Tamil)
• Gatharu (Telugu)
• Yellow Mangrove (English)
• Garani
• Togara
• Pannukuchi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(The bark of the species is an excellent source of tannin, wood is used for boat building, fuel purposes and flowers are a source of good quality honey.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram (Lat: 11.43) (Long: 79.8) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• SRI LANKA
• MYANMAR
• BANGLADESH
• West Bengal INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary INDIA
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Karnataka Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Bhavanapadu Mangrove INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Subarnarekha Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari and Krishna Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Bhavnagar Estuary INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika National Park INDIA
• Orissa, Dangmal INDIA
• Orissa, Thakurdia INDIA
• Orissa, Kakranasi INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Kathiresan, K and N, Rajendran (2005) Mangrove ecosystems of the Indian Ocean region Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Sciences, Communication and Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, India 34(1) 104-113 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ghosh, A; Mukherjee, S; Sen, N; Dasgupta, M and Naskar, KR (2002) Checklist of mangroves and mangrove associated species in the Indian Sundarbans Seshaiyana Environmental Information System(ENVIS)Centre, C.A.S. in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, Parangipettai-608 502, Tamilnadu, India 10(2) 39877 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Veera, RA and Kathiresan, K (1990) Seasonal variation in gallotannin from mangroves Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 19 224-225 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Kumudranjan, N; Rathindranath, M (1999) Ecology and biodiversity of Indian Mangroves Daya publishing house 1 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Banerjee, LK; Sastry, RK and Nayar MP (1989) Mangroves in India: Identification manual Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Mangroves of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Available at - http://forest.and.nic.in/frst-mangroves1.htm
  • Starfish Available at - http://www.starfish.ch/
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1614/2/Setting_Biodiversity_Conserv_Priorities_India_2000_1_104.pdf
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at - http://www.mangroveindia.org
  • Balasubramanian, T and Khan, SA (Eds.) (2002) Mangroves of India State-of-the-art report Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Swain, PK; Rao, NR and Mohan, S (2008) New mangrove habitats and additions to the flora of Srikakulam district, Andhra Pradesh, India Indian Journal of Forestry Commonwealth Forestry Association 31 431-434 Available at - http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/Indian%20Journal%20of%20Forestry%201.pdf
  • Kumar, VS (2005) An overview of mangroves in Andamans and its significance in maintenance of natural ecosystem Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 200-212 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Upadhyay, VP; Mishra, PK and Sahu, JR (2008) Distribution of mangrove species within Bhitarkanika national park in Orissa, India Trees for Life Journal www.TFLJournal.org Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints11/Trees_Life_J_3_5pp.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-27

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