Bruguiera sexangula   (Lour.) Poir.  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Rhizophoraceae

Description
Trees up to 6-16 m tall; trunk up to 40 cm in diameter at base, buttressed; bark smooth, grey to pale brown, lenticellate on buttressed and stilt roots. Leaves 9-15 x 3-6 cm, elliptic-oblong or oblanceate, acute at apex, cuneate or rarely obtuse at base; petioles 2-3.5 cm long, orange-yellow. Flowers 3-3.5 cm long axillary, solitary; calyx 10-13 lobed, orange-yellow; petals 10-13, 1.5-2 cm long, bilobed towards the apex, fringed with white hairs along the outer margins. Hypocotyle 7-13 cm long, 1.5-2 cm thick, cigar-shaped, rarely slightly curved, obscurely grooved.

Flowering and fruiting almost throughout the year, April-October (West Bengal), March-September (Orissa), July-December (Kerala).

It is easily identified by orange-yellow petioles and midribs of the leaves and solitary orange-yellow flowers in the leaf axils. Sporadic on newly formed mudflats and along channels in the interior of the mangrove areas.


Synonym (s)
Bruguiera eriopetala Wight & Arnold
Bruguiera malabarica F.-Vill.

Common Name (s)
• Banduri (Bengali)
• Kankra (Bengali)
• Kekra (Oriya)
• Rasinia (Oriya)
• Large Leafed Orange Mangrove (English)
• Kankra
• Bandari
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(It is easily identified by orange-yellow petioles and midribs of the leaves and solitary orange-yellow flowers in the leaf-axils.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Wandoor INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chidiya Tapu INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Sipighat INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Manjeri INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Wright Myo INDIA
• Kerala, Valapattanam Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.25) (Long: 75.36) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Kathiresan, K and N, Rajendran (2005) Mangrove ecosystems of the Indian Ocean region Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Sciences, Communication and Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, India 34(1) 104-113 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ghosh, A; Mukherjee, S; Sen, N; Dasgupta, M and Naskar, KR (2002) Checklist of mangroves and mangrove associated species in the Indian Sundarbans Seshaiyana Environmental Information System(ENVIS)Centre, C.A.S. in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, Parangipettai-608 502, Tamilnadu, India 10(2) 39877 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Kumudranjan, N; Rathindranath, M (1999) Ecology and biodiversity of Indian Mangroves Daya publishing house 1 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Banerjee, LK; Sastry, RK and Nayar MP (1989) Mangroves in India: Identification manual Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Debnath, HS (2004) Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Taxonomy and ecology Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mangroves of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Available at - http://forest.and.nic.in/frst-mangroves1.htm
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at - http://www.mangroveindia.org
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Saravanan, KR; Ilangovan, K and Khan, AB (2008) Floristic and macro faunal diversity of Pondicherry mangroves, South India Tropical Ecology International Association for Ecology, Cambridge University Press 49(1) 91-94 Available at - www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_1/11%20Saravanan.pdf
  • Balakrishnan, NN (1965) Seasonal settlement of marine wood boring animals at Cochin Harbour, south-west coast of India Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers Elsevier B.V. 13(5) 1090 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0011-7471(76)91268-7
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-29

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