Bruguiera parviflora   Wight & Arnold ex Griffith  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Rhizophoraceae

Image copyrights: Paul Marek

Description
Trees up to 10-18 m tall, with many upright branches;bark greyish-white, lenticellate, smooth; twigs yellowish with many stipular scars; stem base buttressed with fresh colored knee-like bent roots. Leaves 6.5-10.5 x 2.5-4 cm, elliptic-oblong retuse at apex, attenuate at base, petioles 2-2.5 cm long, yellowish. Inflorescence axillary, pedunculate cyme, 2-3 flowered; flowers greenish-white; calyx-tube up to 2 cm long in fruit, narrow, ribbed; petals 1.5-2 mm, white, bilobed, apex of the petal lobe with 3 long cilia; sinus with a bristle, petal margins sparsely hairy. Hypocotyle 7-15 cm long, smooth, cylindrical, slightly curved in the middle.

Flowering and fruiting from April - October (West Bengal), March - September (Orissa).

Bruguiera parviflora is easily recognized from Bruguiera cylindrical from its yellowish petioles; ribbed, narrow calyx-tube and articulate pedicels of flowers. Usually grows in sheltered parts behind Avicennia marina communities.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Champa (Bengali)
• Bon Bakul (Oriya)
• Kankra Bakul
• Kaliachua
• Small Leafed Orange Mangrove (English)
• Slender Fruited Mangrove (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(The species is exploited for its straight-boled stem for poles, fuel, timber and is used in charcoal making. The fruits are used in making a medicine for eye diseases and its knee-bent roots yield a perfume. Bark extract is used for treating tumor. Tannin extracted from the leaves and stem is used as light leather.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Maharashtra, Sindhudurg INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Maharashtra, Raigarh INDIA
• Maharashtra, Thane INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar INDIA
• INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Wright Myo INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Manori INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari and Krishna Delta INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA
• Karnataka, Kundapura INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Bhavnagar Estuary INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Kathiresan, K and N, Rajendran (2005) Mangrove ecosystems of the Indian Ocean region Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Sciences, Communication and Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, India 34(1) 104-113 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jagtap, TG; Untawale, AG and Inamdar, SN (1994) Study of mangrove environment of Maharashtra coast using remote sensing data Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi 23(2) 90-93 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ghosh, A; Mukherjee, S; Sen, N; Dasgupta, M and Naskar, KR (2002) Checklist of mangroves and mangrove associated species in the Indian Sundarbans Seshaiyana Environmental Information System(ENVIS)Centre, C.A.S. in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, Parangipettai-608 502, Tamilnadu, India 10(2) 39877 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Kumudranjan, N; Rathindranath, M (1999) Ecology and biodiversity of Indian Mangroves Daya publishing house 1 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Banerjee, LK; Sastry, RK and Nayar MP (1989) Mangroves in India: Identification manual Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Debnath, HS (2004) Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Taxonomy and ecology Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mangroves of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Available at - http://forest.and.nic.in/frst-mangroves1.htm
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at - http://www.mangroveindia.org
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Veenakumari, K; Mohanraj, P and Bandyopadhyay, AK (1997) Insect herbivores and their natural enemies in the mangals of the Andaman and Nicobar islands Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis Ltd 31 1105-1126 Available at - http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~db=all~content=a770600286~fulltext=713240930?words=insect,herbivores,their,natural,enemies,mangals,andaman,nicobar,islands
  • Untawale, AG; Dwivedi, SN and Singbal, SYS (1973) Ecology of mangroves in Mandovi & Zuari estuaries & the interconnecting Cumbarjua canal of Goa Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR 2 47-53 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, VS (2005) An overview of mangroves in Andamans and its significance in maintenance of natural ecosystem Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 200-212 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Kulkarni, VA; Jagtap, TG; Mhalsekar, NM and Naik, AN (2010) Biological and environmental characteristics of mangrove habitats from Manori creek, West Coast, India Environ Monit Assess Springer 168 587–596 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1136-x
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-23

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