Bruguiera cylindrica   (Linnaeus) Blume  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Rhizophoraceae

Image copyrights: Paul Marek

Description
Small trees up to 20 m tall, stem-base buttressed, producing oval shaped knee-bent roots; young twigs and bark bronze colored with many stipular scars. Leaves 8-15 x 2-6 cm, oblanceolate, acute at apex, cuneate at base; petioles green. Flowers 1-1.5 cm long, creamish white, 3, in axillary pedunculate cymes; calyx-tube smooth, cup-shaped with 8-10 reflexed lobes; petals bilobed with a bristle in the sinus, each lobe with 3 apical cilia, margins hairy. Hypocotyle 10-14 cm, cylindric, obscurely ribbed and slightly curved towards apex. Carpex 2.5mm long.

Flowering and fruiting: March – November (West Bengal), April – July (Orissa), March – August (Andhra Pradesh), December – September (Tamil Nadu), mostly throughout the year (Kerala).

Occasionally occur in pure stands or in association with Bruguiera parviflora in sheltered estuarine parts of mangroves. This species is distinguished from Bruguiera parviflora from its bronze colored twigs, glabrous calyx-tube which equals its lobes in length.


Synonym (s)
Bruguiera malabarica Arnold
Rhizophora caryophylloides Burm. f.

Common Name (s)
• Sona Champa (Bengali)
• Thushia (Bengali)
• Bokul (Oriya)
• Vurudu (Telugu)
• Bakul
• Bandari
• Urudu
• Tothupattakazhi
• Kuttikandel
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(It is a potential source of timber for poles, fuel and tannin, and bark as a condiment. Fruits, leaves and root portions are used as medicine for curing eye ailments and hepatitis. Leaf extract is used as dye for fishing sail. It is rich in polyphenols. Leaves and viviparous seeds are used for the treatment of diabetes. Wood is used for furniture and boat making.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer
IUCN Status:  Endangered

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram (Lat: 11.43) (Long: 79.8) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.4) (Long: 79.73) INDIA (Record: 11/2004)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Middle Andaman INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Sipighat INDIA
• INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.7) (Long: 82.18) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.76) (Long: 82.31) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 76.6) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 79.88) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.81) (Long: 79.71) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 11.01) (Long: 79.86) INDIA
• Gujarat, Purna Estuary (Lat: 20.88) (Long: 72.73) INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Gujarat, Purna Estuary (Lat: 21.01) (Long: 72.91) INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Andhra Pradesh, Bhavanapadu Mangrove INDIA
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.76) (Long: 79.82) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.89) (Long: 79.8) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Kadakachang INDIA
• Kerala, Valapattanam Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.25) (Long: 75.36) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Manauli Island INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Manori INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Subarnarekha Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari and Krishna Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Bhavnagar Estuary INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2011-11-23

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