Lyngbya majuscula   Harvey in Hooker ex Gomont,  1892 (Cyanobacteria formerly Blue Green Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Bacteria
Phylum:Cyanobacteria
Class: Cyanophyceae
Order:Oscillatoriales
Family:Oscillatoriaceae

Image copyrights: Keoki Stender

Description
Size: Filaments 16-20 μm in diameter, cells short, 2-4 μm long.

Color: Bluish green or brownish green.

Plant mass forming thick, widely expanded woolly floccose mass of densely entangled floating filaments. Filaments long, lubricous, flexuous, sometimes more or less curled or rolled. Sheaths upto 11 μm in thickness, at first hyaline, finally becoming very thick and roughened on the outside, protruding far beyond the apices of the trichomes; trichomes 16-60 μm in diameter, not constricted at the joints, apex of trichome hardly tapering, apical cell obtusely rounded. Transverse walls of cells not granulated, cell contents granular, blue-green or brownish or grayish green, homogenous with granules and gas-vacuoles distributed irregularly; End cells broadly rounded, non-capitate; Calyptra absent; Cell wall thick, smooth.

Associated with green alga Lola sp.


Synonym (s)
Conferva majuscula Dillwyn, 1809
(Homotypic synonym)
Oscillatoria majuscula (Dillwyn) Dillwyn, 1817
(Homotypic synonym)
Elisa majuscula (Dillwyn) S. F. Gray, 1821
(Homotypic synonym)
Lyngbya majuscula (Dillwyn) Harvey, 1833
(Homotypic synonym)
Lyngbya major var. kerguelenensis Reinsch, 1876
(Heterotypic synonym)
Lyngbya majuscula var. kerguelenensis Reinsch ex Forti, 1907
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva majuscula Dillwyn, 1809

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Jalleshwar shore (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.33) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10.5) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy (Lat: 8.12) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.27) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Palasa INDIA (Record: 01/1999-04/1999)
• Andhra Pradesh, Srikakulam INDIA (Record: 01/1999-04/1999)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 01/1999-04/1999)
• West Bengal, Hingalganj INDIA (Record: 28/05/2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Mutupet Mangrove (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA (Record: 2002-2003)
• INDIA
• INDONESIA
• KUWAIT
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• MALAYSIA
• MALDIVES
• MAURITIUS
• MOZAMBIQUE
• SEYCHELLES
• SOUTH AFRICA
• SRI LANKA
• TANZANIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muttukadu Estuary INDIA (Record: 1988-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore, Gadilam Estuary INDIA (Record: 1988-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore, Uppanar Estuary INDIA (Record: 1988-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA (Record: 1988-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Thirumullaivasal, Uppanar Estuary INDIA (Record: 1988-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Poompuhar, Kaveri Estuary INDIA (Record: 1988-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Chinankudi, Ammanar Estuary INDIA (Record: 1988-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Tharangambadi, Uppanar Estuary INDIA (Record: 1988-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Chandrapadi, Nandalar Estuary INDIA (Record: 1988-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Vattanam, Periyaru Estuary INDIA (Record: 1988-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Athankarai, Vaigaiyaru Estuary INDIA (Record: 1988-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Arockiapuram Coast (Lat: 8.10) (Long: 77.57) INDIA (Record: 09/1995-11/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai-Dhanushkodi INDIA (Record: 12/1990-01/1991)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.24) (Long: 83.27) INDIA (Record: 03/2008-02/2009)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.75) (Long: 83.35) INDIA (Record: 03/2008-02/2009)
• Tamil Nadu, Manapad INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Harbour INDIA (Record: 1984-1986)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, North Bay INDIA (Record: 21/03/1989)
• East Coast (Lat: 10) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-08/2002)
• East Coast (Lat: 21) (Long: 94) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-08/2002)

Literature Source(s)
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  • Roslin, AS; Rosakutty, PJ and Lazarus, S (1997) A study on the flora and fauna of Arockiapuram Coast of Tamil Nadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 55-61 Available at - NIO, Goa
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Page last updated on:2012-03-14

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